Coal Energy In Germany Essay

928 words - 4 pages

operations, comes the danger of higher carbon dioxide and sulfur emissions. Germany faces serious political issues since the coal industry provides over 20,000 mining and utility jobs. Moreover, coal is a major profit at utilities for the country’s industry as it is a cheap source of energy. Still under the Kyoto protocol Germany committed itself to, it is obligated to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions.
Germany has managed to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions especially in its coal mining industry. Since 1990, the country has realized large scale reductions of dangerous gas emissions and pollutants, like 40% for NOx, 84% for SOx, 56% for carbon monoxide, and 49% for non-methane volatile organic compounds (OECD(b) 41). The level of NOx and SOx emissions is 65% and 50% below those recommended by the OECD, respectively. This is because, the country installed flue gas desulphurization systems in more than 95% of the medium and large combustion facilities across the nation (Chalmers 449). In addition, for the Old Laender coal mines, emission reductions were realized from the effective environmental management approaches that focused on the enforcement of regulatory measures, mandatory fuel efficiency and quality during transportation, and pollution control for stationery sources (OECD(b) 41). However, in the new Laender coal mines, reduction in emissions was achieved by economic restructuring , energy supply switch from the use of lignite to natural gas, state-of-the art flue gas control in major combustion facilities, and upgrading of polluting installations (OECD(b) 41). Moreover, Germany has developed clean coal technologies like the coal gasification (IGCC) method, the supercritical and ultra-supercritical pulverized combustion methods (SC and USC), and the pressurized fluidized bed combustion methods. The German federal government invested 17 million Euros in 2000 alone for the research and de elopement of these clean coal technologies. It is important to note that by 2000, Germany was able to reduce the major emissions and green house gas emissions, realizing green house gas emissions of two points above the percentages recommended by Germany’s Kyoto target. This is from the numerous environmental policies, hard coal policies, clean coal policies applied to all its major coal mining and power plant facilities.
Currently, Germany is trying to make improvement above the 40% efficiency realized with the conventional pulverized fuel stations. This is through the use of supercritical and ultra-supercritical which provide 40-45% and >45% efficiency, which have replaced Muja A and B in Collie realizing a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions of 50% (OECD(b) 42). The other strategy is to co-fire coal with biomass, like sawmill waste, to reduce emissions by another 10% without losing the efficiency of the power station (OECD(b) 42). The IGCC or...

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