Cocaine Verus Crack Cocaine Essay

2092 words - 9 pages

Cocaine originated from South America, from coca leaves. Originally, the coca leaves were chewed by workers to decrease fatigue, improve endurance and have a greater resistance to the cold. This was to benefit the workers so they could work longer hours and be more productive. In 1855 the active ingredient in cocaine was isolated from the leaves, and in 1880 it was used as a local anesthetic (Nunes,2006). It was also used in coca cola. In 1855, coca cola was a soda beverage that contained sixty milligrams of cocaine for every eight ounces of the beverage. The idea behind this was to give people energy and a sense of well being (Nunes, 2006). By the late 1880s Sigmund Freud was using cocaine regularly and was even recommending it to others. This only lasted for less than twenty years, until he started discouraging it to others. Then by 1914 cocaine was banned for medical use and in beverages. This caused the use of cocaine and by the 1930s, the use had drastically decreased. It then became popular for recreational use in the 1980s (Nunes, 2006). It was often used and shown in movies such as Scarface, and is famous for the amount of cocaine that Al Pacino uses in one of the final scenes of the movie. Now it is still used recreationally and used by a ‘party crowd’. Although this is the primary category of people who use cocaine, people of all demographics use cocaine recreationally.
Cocaine started to be first cut with baking soda in the early 1880s. This was done because of the price drop that drug dealers were facing. They decided to mix it with baking soda and make a hard piece of rock, and sell it in smaller quantities. This made it cheap, simple to produce, ready to use, and highly profitable for dealers to develop (Kornbluh, 1997). Crack first started to become largely used in 1984. The worst impact that crack cocaine had was on the Northeastern states of the United States. This was believed to be because the CIA knew about the large amounts of cocaine that was being brought into the United States, to fund some of their operations (Kornbluh, 1997). This was alleged in the Dark Alliances article by a journalist. Today crack cocaine is still used recreationally but by heave drug users and abusers. It is seen as a more serious and more addictive drug than cocaine.
Drugs play a major role on the streets and in the medical field. Some drugs are seen as less serious as others. Stimulants are a wide category of drugs that is an upper. Stimulants generally make you feel happy and energetic. Cocaine and crack cocaine do exactly that. These are two drugs that are very similar, yet very different. Crack cocaine comes from cocaine, but is mixed with baking soda and water to create a lower purity form of free-base cocaine. This creates a hard, brittle unstructured material known as a piece of rock, which is crack cocaine. When it is smoked, it creates a cracking sound, which gives crack cocaine its’ name. Cocaine in its purest form is a white powder,...

Find Another Essay On Cocaine verus Crack Cocaine

Coca Leaves, Cocaine, and Crack Essay

1229 words - 5 pages ). After the paste is produced, it is sometimes dried and smoked which is more popular in South America. To get the paste to the next phase of a cocaine base, the paste is dissolved in a solution of hydrochloric acid and water (“CIA Contra-Crack”). In this case the paste, which is the solute (the substance being dissolved) is dissolved in the solvent of hydrochloric acid and water (Suchocki). Potassium permanganate, which is a strong oxide, is then

Facts About Cocaine and Crack Essay

648 words - 3 pages gastrointestinal complications, including abdominal pain and nausea.Crack is the street name given to the freebase form of cocaine that has been processed from the powdered cocaine hydrochloride form to a smokable substance. The term "crack" refers to the crackling sound heard when the mixture is smoked. Crack cocaine is processed with ammonia or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and water, and heated to remove the hydrochloride. Crack's popularity stems

Crack Cocaine - usage symptoms, general information

768 words - 3 pages Crack cocaine, another form of cocaine base, also is derived from powder cocaine. Unlike the processing of freebase cocaine, converting powder cocaine into crack cocaine does not involve any flammable solvents. The powder cocaine is simply dissolved in a solution of sodium bicarbonate and water. The solution is boiled and a solid substance separates from the boiling mixture. This solid substance, crack cocaine, is removed and allowed to dry. The

How Cocaine and Crack is Effecting Lives

1253 words - 6 pages Derrick Morris Mr. Van Leeuwen English 9AE 08 May 2014 How Cocaine is Effecting Lives How is cocaine and crack effecting people today? The use of the drug can be prevented in many ways, for example the help and support from family members, considering the consequences that can come from the drug, and by attending rehab if needed. If everyone could do this the world could possibly be drug free. That means less crime, more lives saved, and

Adolescent Black Males and Their Entanglement With Crack Cocaine

2056 words - 8 pages Adolescent Black Males and Their Entanglement With Crack Cocaine This research proposal will explore the dependent factors that determine why impoverished adolescent Black Males turn to crack cocaine as a means of survival. Survival is defined as, the act of or facts of surviving, especially under adverse or unusual circumstances. Generally, Black Adolescent males engage themselves in crack cocaine by way of dealing or trafficking. This

What are the effects of Cocaine?

1531 words - 6 pages Cocaine is a purified extract from the leaves of the Erythroxylum coca bush. The plant grows in the Andes region in South America. There are two forms in which cocaine comes in powdered cocaine, and crack cocaine. Powdered cocaine dissolves in water, and users can snort or inject it.(Goldberg) Crack cocaine is what is commonly known as “crack” or “rock” on the streets; It is made by a chemical process that leaves cocaine in its freebase form

Cocaine and the Nervous System

1117 words - 4 pages , cocaine smoke can be inhaled into the lungs, where it flows into the bloodstream as quickly as when injected into a vein. In 1985, crack cocaine was invented, which is the optimal form of cocaine for smoking (2). While most cocaine is created through a complex process requiring ether and other unstable and expensive substances, crack cocaine is processed with ammonia or baking soda. Crack cocaine has gained popularity as the drug is cheaper and

Cocaine Drug Addiction

1021 words - 4 pages minimize the chance and amount of teen drug abusers.Works Cited"Cocaine and Crack." Cleveland Clinic. The Cleveland Clinic, 2011. Web. 7 Mar. 2012.<>."Crack Cocaine Addiction Treatment." Alcohol & Drug Rehab Centers. Treatment SolutionsNetwork, 5 July 2011. Web. 8 Mar. 2012.<

separate and not equal

607 words - 3 pages This paper will show that the law is not equally distributed amongst different economic classes. Crack vs Cocaine are both derived from cocaine yet the free base form is cheaper and more available to the lower social-economic class yet the punishment is outrageously disproportionate. Those who have been charger in both classes, wealthy and poor are both promised a fair and speedy trial yet they aren’t given the same resources due to financial

Crack: The Decade of American Destruction

1777 words - 7 pages slammed New York hard because we just didn't see the warning signs” (n.p). Therefore, crack was a serious problem during the 1980s and it was also destroying society. Due to the negative impact of crack, America began to create homeless addicts, crack babies, an increase in gang violence, and an increase in burglaries. According to Gary Webb, “San Francisco Bay Area drug ring sold tons of cocaine to the Crips and Bloods street gangs of Los Angeles

Effects of Cocaine

716 words - 3 pages brain's difficult neurochemistry . However, cocaine needs to be treated at all levels of dysfunction, including psychological, occupational, and family. Works Cited Dr. Nora Volkow. Drug Facts Cocaine. 11 August 2013. 16 April2014 Frank. The Highs, The Lows and Everything in Between. 08 June 2013 14 April 2014 Roxanne Dryden- Edwards. Cocaine and Crack Abuse. 05 July 1996-2014 15 April 2014 ………. Foundation for a Drug Free World. 03 October 2006-2014 14 April 2014

Similar Essays

Crack Cocaine Essay

1060 words - 5 pages We have all heard the phrase crack kills, that is an understatement. What is crack? According to Webster’s dictionary it is “a potent form of cocaine that is obtained by treating the hydrochloride of cocaine with sodium bicarbonate to create small chips used illicitly usually for smoking”. According to Wikipedia, the definition of Crack crack cocaine is the freebase form of cocaine that can be smoked or shot up. It may also be termed rock, work

Overview Of Crack Cocaine Essay

1229 words - 5 pages Behind Crack Cocaine Cocaine is a widely known drug derived from the leaves of coca plants which acts as a psychostimulant. Julien, Advokat, and Comaty (2011) explain how when processed, cocaine can be made into cocaine hydrochloride, known as powdered cocaine, or into crack cocaine, another form of cocaine created by mixing powder cocaine with a weak base. Its composition changes into rock form with a lower melting point than that of regular

Crack And Cocaine Essay

816 words - 4 pages The crack and cocaine epidemic of the United States has shaped America’s basis on the war against drugs. In the early 1980s, the majority of cocaine began to be shipped to the United States, landing in Miami originally coming through the Bahamas and Dominican Republic (UDOJ)”. The foreign origin from the drug made it easier for dealer to quietly return to the United States with the drug and also its receipt. “Soon there was a huge amount of

Crack Cocaine Addiction Essay

1650 words - 7 pages Crack-Cocaine Addiction at It’s Best In quite a few lower-class communities, phrases like “your mom is a crack head,” or “shut up crack baby” are said jokingly to make fun of someone during what we call a “rip session.” Although said as a joke, some are very offended by the comments. Why? because for some, crack addiction hits too close to home for comfort. Seeing how easy it is obtained in lower class and poverty stricken neighborhoods