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Coccidioidomycosis Essay

897 words - 4 pages

• Introduction of the disease
Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection [2]. It was discovered in 1892 in Buenos Aires Argentina by Alejando Posadas he studied the development of this disease [4]. The reported cases that followed were in the United States [4]. Valley fever is the initial form of coccidioidomycosis infection. This initial, acute illness can develop into more serious disease; chronic, and disseminated coccidioidomycosis [1]. A person can get infected with coccidioidomycosis by inhaling the fungus [2]. The fungus grows in soil,and is spread by airborne transmission [2] The fungus grows as a mold filaments that break into spores released into the air and so it can infect a ...view middle of the document...

Chronic coccidioidomycosis
• Low-grade fever
• Weight loss
• Cough
• Chest pain
• Nodules in lungs
• 3.Disseminated coccidiodimycosis
• Nodules
• Ulcers
• skin lesions
• Painful lesions in the skull, spine or other bones
• Painful, swollen joints
• Meningitis
• Symptoms
Coccoididomycosis symptoms can vary depending on the form of infection. The acute form of cococcidomycosis is mild with few symptoms the illness is often fought off by the body’s adaptive immunity [2]. If the disease is not resolved by the bodys a chronic form can develop, it includes more complications such as pneumonia [1]. This disease can become severe in people with weakened immune systems such as people with AIDS, pregnant women, and people with diabetes [3]. Age may also contribute to susceptibility older people can contract complications from the disease because of medical conditions affecting their health [1]. Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis is the most serious form of the disease. This occurs when the infection spreads to other parts of the body high risk patients can develop meningitis this is the most deadly complication of valley fever. The disease is diagnosed by signs and symptoms [1]. A effective diagnosis is coccidioides organisms in tissues, blood, or body secretions. Test include sputum smear it checks a sample of discharged while coughing (sputum) for coccidioides organisms [1]. Another test includes blood test which looks for antibodies against the fungus [1].
• Treatment
Most people are able to fight of the disease on their own. This requires bed rest and fluids [1]. If symptoms do not improve with rest a person may have contracted a more severe form of the disease; chronic or Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis [1].It may require the use of antifungal medication like fluconazole [1].
• New Development/ Future Medical...

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