Cognitive Behavior Therapy (Cbt) Within Social Psychology

2014 words - 8 pages

Social Psychology can be a challenging concept to master when at the beginning of a psychology education. This week as a student in my undergraduate class approached me and asked how he could explain the difference between psychology, sociology and social psychology to his friend. As I began explaining the differences to him, I quickly remembered going through a similar journey of confusion, clarity, more confusion and then finally conceptually understanding the differences and similarities between the three fields previously mentioned. This process of combining to similar, but different fields of study, was similar to the thought processes I went through as I began my journey of understating the differences and similarities between Behavior Therapy, Cognitive Therapy and Cognitive Behavior Therapy.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) was an emergent school of thought which formed out of the Behavior Therapy, which followed a social learning theory (Bandura, 1986). Whereas, Cognitive Therapy followed an information-processing model (Goldfried, 2003). Behavior Therapy was based upon classical conditioning and a simple stimulus-response model (Goldfried, 2003). After the addition of cognition to Behavior Therapy, CBT, the premise for humans followed a stimulus-organism-response-consequence (S-O-R-C) model. Hence, the organism in the S-O-R-C model allowed for humans to be more than just a product response to a given stimulus.
With the addition of the cognition to Behavior Therapy, theorists began to notice how individual thought about stimuli which in return affected their behaviors. A person’s self schema, the cognitive representations about their past experiences with others, situations and themselves which facilitate in their understanding of events in relation to particular aspect of his life (Goldfried, 2003). Not only do a person’s schemas play a role in their cognitions and behaviors to stimuli, but additionally his self-efficacy is an important factor in the process of thinking and behaving. Self efficacy is the expectation that a person has that he is able to behave in a given way in order to produce a desired outcome (Bandura, 1986). Hence, I expected that I could explain to my student the differences and similarities between Psychology and Social Psychology because of my knowledge gained as well as correlating my previous confusion with his confusion. Overcoming self schemas can be a challenge especially when a therapist is working with a client who has negative self schemas. Hence, there are five therapeutic guidelines to facilitate in updating clients’ self schemas: 1) assist in developing new behaviors and experiences; 2) facilitate in aiding clients to differentiate between present and past fictioning; 3) support clients look at their changes from a subjective as well as an objective lens; 4) aid clients in recalling their recent successful experiences; and 5) align clients’ expectancies, anticipatory feelings, behaviors,...

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