According to author Kendra Cherry, “professional counseling is an application of mental health, psychological or development principles, through cognitive, affective, behavioral or systemic intervention strategies, that address wellness, personal growth, or career development” (Cherry - Paraphrase). Many counselors specialize in specific forms of therapy. Generally, counselors who focus on specific types of counseling methods usually require advanced knowledge in the specific field. Counseling can be described as guidance of an individual by utilizing psychological methods especially in collecting case history information, using various techniques of the personal interview and testing interests as well as aptitudes. Cognitive behavioral therapy is one of the most commonly used methods for psychotherapeutic treatment.
Cognitive behavioral therapy helps patients to understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviors. Cognitive behavioral therapy is used to treat many different types of disorders. Some of the common disorders that can be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy are depression, phobias, anxiety as well as addictions. Cognitive behavioral therapy helps patients deal with a specific problem. During treatment, a patient will potentially learn how to identify destructive behavior within them selves. Long term, a patient will learn how to change the thought patterns that lead to the destructive behavior.
There are some basic concepts to cognitive behavioral therapy. One concept behind cognitive behavioral therapy is that a person’s thoughts and feelings have a significant effect on one’s behavior. For instance, if a person thinks a lot about plane crashes, train wrecks or car accidents, then the person may avoid traveling because of the fear that has been created by obsessing on such things. When using cognitive behavioral therapy the goal is to teach the patient that they personally cannot control everything that happens in life, rather a person can control how they choose to react to the things that occur around them.
Cognitive behavior therapy has become quite popular in use due to the short duration of time that counselors see a positive affect in their patients. This type of therapy doesn’t require as much time; therefore it is more affordable than some of the other types of therapeutics options. “Cognitive behavioral therapy is affective with a wide variety of maladaptive behaviors. There are several forms of cognitive behavioral therapy such as: rational emotive therapy, cognitive therapy, and multimodal therapy” (Dobson and Dozois - Paraphrase).
There are multiple components of cognitive behavioral therapy. People develop faulty beliefs throughout trials in life. Thoughts and feelings can become a dysfunctional part of a person’s character. Faulty belief systems can affect a person’s life in a multitude of ways. Faulty belief systems can develop into problematic behaviors that negatively affect a person’s...