Cognitive Behavioral Therapy And The Model Of Human Occupation.

3613 words - 14 pages

Running head: COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY AND THE MODELAbstractHuman behavior can be explained by a variety of biological, psychosocial, and environmental factors interacting on a person over time. The values, beliefs, and goals that determine the behaviors one engages in are developed through cognitive processes unique to each individual as a result of the interplay between previous learning and the aforementioned factors. When considered together, the Model of Human Occupation and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy give an explanation for this view of human behavior. These frames of reference are reviewed in regards to their conceptions of behavior, dysfunction, treatment approach, and their relevance to occupational therapy.Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and the Model of Human OccupationMan is an open system that can change and develop through interaction with the environment. Behavior is an expression of psychosocial, biological, and environmental factors interacting within the system. Biological factors may predispose someone to a certain disease or dysfunction which may be expressed in the presence of stress. Factors such as family structure, work environment, and culture can contribute to positive or negative experiences from which an individual learns. There is an innate drive within humans for self-efficacy; the ultimate goal is to master one's environment. A person's values, beliefs, and goals determine the behaviors one engages in to accomplish the ultimate goal of environmental mastery. These values, beliefs, and goals are developed through cognitive processes unique to each individual and are a result of the interplay between previous learning and psychosocial, biological, and environmental factors throughout life. Because each person's cognitive processes are unique, experiences are subjectively interpreted in different ways. People react in context with their desire for environmental mastery and their personal beliefs and values learned throughout life. When considered together, the Model of Human Occupation and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy frame of reference give an explanation of behavior that includes psychosocial, biological and environmental factors while maintaining the importance of cognition. The purpose of this paper is to review how Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and the Model of Human Occupation explain behavior, dysfunction, treatment approach, and their relevance to occupational therapy.TheoryKielhofner and Burke's Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) (1980) believes that humans have an innate drive for exploration and mastery of their respective environments. Man interacts with the environment though engagement in occupation. Occupations are the means through which an individual pursues their goals. Within this model, occupations are defined as complex, organized groups of goal-oriented behaviors (Bruce & Borg, 1993). One's chosen actions and occupations are a meaningful reflection of personal beliefs and goals for...

Find Another Essay On Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and the Model of Human Occupation.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Essay

7539 words - 30 pages spirit of collaborative empiricism, cognitive behavioral therapists typically begin treatment by educating patients about their disorder. Helping patients understand the cognitive behavioral model of depression particularly important in strengthening the treatment rationale and subsequent patient compliance (Beck, et al, 1979).A second essential step of the therapeutic element to cognitive behavioral therapy is called cognitive restructuring. This

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Essay

1167 words - 5 pages This paper discusses a popular intervention called cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). CBT involves the restructuring and reframing of distorted thoughts with positive thoughts that are conducive to an individual’s well-being (Beck, 2011; Greene & Roberts, 2002; Cohen, Mannarino, Berliner, & Deblinger, 2000). Although there are many techniques to CBT such as, rehearsal, modeling, and coaching, CBT is useful for issues of anger management

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in the Treatment of Depression

2447 words - 10 pages Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in the Treatment of Depression Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a method of correcting invalid thought patterns to a more positive view of the person and their place in their world. Some people do not believe that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a real treatment for depression, claiming it is a form of positive thinking ("The Daily Mail," 2009). On the opposite end of the spectrum, others argue that Cognitive

The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on ADHD

1933 words - 8 pages adults, increasing the importance of treatment during childhood. A second limitation to this study is the form of treatment that the author has decided to concentrate upon to treat ADHD. The reason that the author choose to focus upon this form of treatment is because ADHD possesses cognitive and behavioral elements and CBT addresses cognitive and behavioral issues in clients. Behavior Therapy is a form of treatment in the counseling field

The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Treating Depression

2023 words - 8 pages In this assignment I will introduce my research project and examine some of the issues surrounding my topic, take an initial look at the research papers I have chosen for my literature review and consider the wider context that the research took place in. I have chosen to look into the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy(CBT) on treating depression in primary care. I am interested in this particular area of counselling as my

A Review of: “The Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy”

991 words - 4 pages A Review of: “The Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy” Summary In Tan’s article, “The Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy” published by the Journal of Psychology and Theology in 2007, he discusses integrating prayer and scripture with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Tan uses examples of integration from real-life counseling sessions that he has been involved in, as a counselor. Tan’s article

Comparison and Contrast of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Approaches with Postmodern Therapy Approaches

711 words - 3 pages Postmodern counseling approaches have begun to challenge the paradigms of modernistic counseling theories. Modern theories emphasize the use of empirically validated treatment approaches to psychotherapy. The modernistic therapy perspective endorses the premise that psychological problems are the result of disturbances in cognitive processes. The focus of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is on helping clients to examine and restructure their

Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Sexually Abused Children

1316 words - 5 pages Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) shows empirical evidence to support its validity when counseling sexually abused children. The theory was designed to resolve post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive and anxiety symptoms. This model of psychotherapy is not only useful to children and adolescents but to a wide range of population, such as parents, and many persons suffering from mental illness. The methodology of

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

1527 words - 7 pages develops his or her feelings through his or her thoughts. This could be seen as the central tenet of cognitive behavioral therapy, which was developed in the 1960s by Aaron Beck and Albert Ellis (McGinn & Sanderson, 2001). Both assumed that our emotions, moods, and behaviors are generated by our cognitions, i.e., thoughts, beliefs, attitudes, and interpretations of behaviors and situations (McGinn & Sanderson, 2001). Each person creates their own

Comparing Adlerian Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Solution Focused Brief Therapy

3634 words - 15 pages developed through an combination of behavior therapy with cognitive psychology research, first by Donald Meichenbaum and many other authors in the 1970s. It later merged with work from Aaron Beck and Albert Ellis. Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is one of the major orientations of psychotherapy and represents a unique category of psychological intervention because it derives from cognitive and behavioral psychological models of human behavior that

Progressive Muscle Relaxation: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

2352 words - 9 pages ). Although it is possible to go through life on medication(s) treating anxiety and/or depression, many people choose to seek out help from mental health professionals such as psychologists or Licensed Professional Counselors (LPCs), who have a master’s degree mental health care. People who choose to treat their anxiety and depression with the help of these professionals usually undergo what is called Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, or CBT. CBT is a a

Similar Essays

The Effectiveness Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

2549 words - 10 pages teaches the client to modify mood en behavior. The client has therefore an active role in learning e.g. coping skills. Multiple strategies are used in cognitive behavioral therapy, like imagenary, role playing, guided discovery and others (Nathan & Gorman, 2002). Cognitive behavioral therapy is based on a model, namely the cognitive model of emotional response. This means that thoughts cause feelings and behavior and that these are not caused

The Clinical Application Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

2765 words - 11 pages The Clinical Application of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is based on the concept that behavior change may be achieved through altering cognitive processes. The assumption underlying the cognitively based therapeutic techniques is that maladaptive cognitive processes lead to maladaptive behaviors and changing these processes can lead to behavior modification. According to Mahoney (1995), an

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Essay

1125 words - 5 pages advanced knowledge in the specific field. Counseling can be described as guidance of an individual by utilizing psychological methods especially in collecting case history information, using various techniques of the personal interview and testing interests as well as aptitudes. Cognitive behavioral therapy is one of the most commonly used methods for psychotherapeutic treatment. Cognitive behavioral therapy helps patients to understand the

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Depression Essay

1933 words - 8 pages live more positively, making you feel better about yourself and your life. CBT is proven to work with many clinical problems that plague the human condition. Works Cited Beck, A. (1978). Cognitive therapy of depression (The Guildford Clinical Psychology and psychopathology series). New York, N.Y : Guildford Press. Thompson, D. G. (2009 ). Treating Late Life Depression: A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Approach . Oxford University Press . whitfield, g. (2007). Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Explained. Radcliffe Publishing.