This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy And The Model Of Human Occupation.

3613 words - 14 pages

Running head: COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY AND THE MODELAbstractHuman behavior can be explained by a variety of biological, psychosocial, and environmental factors interacting on a person over time. The values, beliefs, and goals that determine the behaviors one engages in are developed through cognitive processes unique to each individual as a result of the interplay between previous learning and the aforementioned factors. When considered together, the Model of Human Occupation and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy give an explanation for this view of human behavior. These frames of reference are reviewed in regards to their conceptions of behavior, dysfunction, treatment approach, and their relevance to occupational therapy.Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and the Model of Human OccupationMan is an open system that can change and develop through interaction with the environment. Behavior is an expression of psychosocial, biological, and environmental factors interacting within the system. Biological factors may predispose someone to a certain disease or dysfunction which may be expressed in the presence of stress. Factors such as family structure, work environment, and culture can contribute to positive or negative experiences from which an individual learns. There is an innate drive within humans for self-efficacy; the ultimate goal is to master one's environment. A person's values, beliefs, and goals determine the behaviors one engages in to accomplish the ultimate goal of environmental mastery. These values, beliefs, and goals are developed through cognitive processes unique to each individual and are a result of the interplay between previous learning and psychosocial, biological, and environmental factors throughout life. Because each person's cognitive processes are unique, experiences are subjectively interpreted in different ways. People react in context with their desire for environmental mastery and their personal beliefs and values learned throughout life. When considered together, the Model of Human Occupation and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy frame of reference give an explanation of behavior that includes psychosocial, biological and environmental factors while maintaining the importance of cognition. The purpose of this paper is to review how Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and the Model of Human Occupation explain behavior, dysfunction, treatment approach, and their relevance to occupational therapy.TheoryKielhofner and Burke's Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) (1980) believes that humans have an innate drive for exploration and mastery of their respective environments. Man interacts with the environment though engagement in occupation. Occupations are the means through which an individual pursues their goals. Within this model, occupations are defined as complex, organized groups of goal-oriented behaviors (Bruce & Borg, 1993). One's chosen actions and occupations are a meaningful reflection of personal beliefs and goals for...

Find Another Essay On Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and the Model of Human Occupation.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in the Treatment of Depression

2447 words - 10 pages Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in the Treatment of Depression Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a method of correcting invalid thought patterns to a more positive view of the person and their place in their world. Some people do not believe that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a real treatment for depression, claiming it is a form of positive thinking ("The Daily Mail," 2009). On the opposite end of the spectrum, others argue that Cognitive

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Essay

7539 words - 30 pages spirit of collaborative empiricism, cognitive behavioral therapists typically begin treatment by educating patients about their disorder. Helping patients understand the cognitive behavioral model of depression particularly important in strengthening the treatment rationale and subsequent patient compliance (Beck, et al, 1979).A second essential step of the therapeutic element to cognitive behavioral therapy is called cognitive restructuring. This

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

1933 words - 8 pages Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is among the most extensively tested psychotherapies for depression. Many studies have confirmed the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) as a treatment for depression. This paper will provide background information about the intervention, address the target population, and describe program structure and key components. It will also provide examples of program implementation, challenges/barriers to

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

1167 words - 5 pages This paper discusses a popular intervention called cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). CBT involves the restructuring and reframing of distorted thoughts with positive thoughts that are conducive to an individual’s well-being (Beck, 2011; Greene & Roberts, 2002; Cohen, Mannarino, Berliner, & Deblinger, 2000). Although there are many techniques to CBT such as, rehearsal, modeling, and coaching, CBT is useful for issues of anger management

The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on ADHD

1511 words - 7 pages a behavioral perspective is the most effective form of therapy for this disorder. CBT has many interventions such as positive and negative reinforcement, the ABCs of thinking, modeling, and behavioral checklists, which can all be used to assist an individual diagnosed with ADHD. With consistent cognitive behavior therapy and consistent interventions ADHD will have less of an impact on the individual’s life. Parents who have a child who is

The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on ADHD

1933 words - 8 pages adults, increasing the importance of treatment during childhood. A second limitation to this study is the form of treatment that the author has decided to concentrate upon to treat ADHD. The reason that the author choose to focus upon this form of treatment is because ADHD possesses cognitive and behavioral elements and CBT addresses cognitive and behavioral issues in clients. Behavior Therapy is a form of treatment in the counseling field

The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Treating Depression

2023 words - 8 pages In this assignment I will introduce my research project and examine some of the issues surrounding my topic, take an initial look at the research papers I have chosen for my literature review and consider the wider context that the research took place in. I have chosen to look into the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy(CBT) on treating depression in primary care. I am interested in this particular area of counselling as my

A Review of: “The Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy”

991 words - 4 pages A Review of: “The Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy” Summary In Tan’s article, “The Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy” published by the Journal of Psychology and Theology in 2007, he discusses integrating prayer and scripture with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Tan uses examples of integration from real-life counseling sessions that he has been involved in, as a counselor. Tan’s article

Juvenile Recidivism and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

638 words - 3 pages Juvenile Recidivism and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (Participant Information Sheet and Consent Form)-Appendix B As part of the requirements for a degree in Criminal Justice at the State University of New York at Buffalo, I have to conduct a research study. This research looks at the effects of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on recidivism rates. Prison recidivism rates continue to be a problem in the United States. Just within the first 3

Case Study Applying the Model of Human Occupation

922 words - 4 pages . Works Cited Forsyth, K., Taylor, R., Kramer, J., Prior, S., Richie, L., Whitehead, J., Owen, C., & Melton, M. (2014). The model of human occupation. In B. A. B. Schell, G. Gillen, & M. E. Scaffa (Eds.), Willard and Spackman's occupational therapy (pp. 505-509). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Comparison and Contrast of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Approaches with Postmodern Therapy Approaches

711 words - 3 pages Postmodern counseling approaches have begun to challenge the paradigms of modernistic counseling theories. Modern theories emphasize the use of empirically validated treatment approaches to psychotherapy. The modernistic therapy perspective endorses the premise that psychological problems are the result of disturbances in cognitive processes. The focus of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is on helping clients to examine and restructure their

Similar Essays

The Effectiveness Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

2549 words - 10 pages teaches the client to modify mood en behavior. The client has therefore an active role in learning e.g. coping skills. Multiple strategies are used in cognitive behavioral therapy, like imagenary, role playing, guided discovery and others (Nathan & Gorman, 2002). Cognitive behavioral therapy is based on a model, namely the cognitive model of emotional response. This means that thoughts cause feelings and behavior and that these are not caused

The Clinical Application Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

2765 words - 11 pages The Clinical Application of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is based on the concept that behavior change may be achieved through altering cognitive processes. The assumption underlying the cognitively based therapeutic techniques is that maladaptive cognitive processes lead to maladaptive behaviors and changing these processes can lead to behavior modification. According to Mahoney (1995), an

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Essay 1125 Words

1125 words - 5 pages advanced knowledge in the specific field. Counseling can be described as guidance of an individual by utilizing psychological methods especially in collecting case history information, using various techniques of the personal interview and testing interests as well as aptitudes. Cognitive behavioral therapy is one of the most commonly used methods for psychotherapeutic treatment. Cognitive behavioral therapy helps patients to understand the

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Depression Essay

1933 words - 8 pages live more positively, making you feel better about yourself and your life. CBT is proven to work with many clinical problems that plague the human condition. Works Cited Beck, A. (1978). Cognitive therapy of depression (The Guildford Clinical Psychology and psychopathology series). New York, N.Y : Guildford Press. Thompson, D. G. (2009 ). Treating Late Life Depression: A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Approach . Oxford University Press . whitfield, g. (2007). Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Explained. Radcliffe Publishing.