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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Depression Essay

1933 words - 8 pages

Cognitive behavioral therapy commonly known as CBT is a systematic process by which we learn to change our negative thoughts into more positive ones. CBT is a combination of two types of therapy, Cognitive Therapy and Behavioral Therapy. Cognition is our thoughts, so cognitive behavioral therapy combines working with our thought process and changing our behavior at the same time. Cognitive behavioral therapists believe that our behavior and our feelings are influenced by the way we think; also our mood is affected by our behavior and thought process. So CBT tries to tackle our thoughts, feelings and behavior. Scientific research has shown that cognitive behavioral therapy is affective for a wide range of mental health problems. The purpose is to bring positive change by alleviating emotional distress such as depression. CBT starts by breaking down your problems into smaller components, often trying to identify particular problematic thoughts or behavior. Once these problems are broken down it is then suggested a straightforward plan in which the patient and therapist can intervene to promote recovery.
Cognitive behavioral therapy earliest inventors were behaviorist, such as Skinner, Watson, and Pavlov. They’re the ones who led to the advancement for behavioral treatment of mental disorders. Behavioral modification is a technique that uses positive and negative reinforcements to change a particular behavior and reaction to a stimulus. Behavioral therapist only focused on an individual’s behavior not their thoughts. During this era, psychologists applied B.F. Skinner’s radical behaviorism to clinical work. Much of these studies focused on chronic psychiatric disorders, such as autism and psychotic behavior. His methods also focused on an individual’s unconscious mental processes and roots of their past. Even though this approach was successful in many neurotic disorders, they had little success in treating depression. In the 1960s and 1970s the role of cognition was being reconsidered in psychiatric disorders. Cognitive theories became more popular in response to behaviorist failure to take feelings and thoughts into consideration.
Aaron Beck, an American psychiatrist, is considered one of the most influential people in modern cognitive psychology. He is widely regarded as the father of cognitive therapy. Although rapidly moving forwarded, the cognitive movement did not reject behavioral principles. However, it did merge the two, which is known as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy that Aaron Beck developed in the 1960s. Cognitive therapy is both social and psychological therapy that assumes faulty thought patterns know as cognitive patterns, to cause maladaptive emotional and behavioral responses. This therapy focuses on changing a patient thought process in order to solve psychological problems. Behavioral therapy takes a therapeutic approach, treating emotional behavior with maladaptive learned responses that can be changed with healthier ones....

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