Cognitive Consequences Of Pediatric Sports Related Concussions

3085 words - 13 pages

Results:

The results of this research review provide the most current information in regards to pediatric concussion and neurological and cognitive consequences. These results support the working hypothesis that the cognitive consequences of pediatric sports-related concussions do not outweigh the benefits associated with childhood sports participation.

In a cohort study (total n=200), investigators looked at return to cognitive baseline after concussion in younger versus older athletes. Participants were divided into two groups, a 13-16 year old group (n=100), and 18-22 year old group (n = 100). Each participant completed baseline and post concussion neurocognitive testing using the immediate Post-Concussion assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) test battery. Results showed that athletes 13-16 years old take longer to return to neurocognitive and symptom baselines than athletes 18-22 years old (22).
In a prospective design study, 18 children with mTBI and 18 matched healthy controls (8-16 years of age) were used to compare sensitivity to simple and complex visual stimuli and to determine the evolution of visuo-perceptual performance over time. At 1, 4 and 12 weeks sensitivity to static and dynamic forms of simple (first order), complex (second order), orientation and direction identification thresholds, and radial optic flow stimuli were assessed. The results of this study demonstrate that all complex stimuli were significantly affected for the mTBI children, including at the 12 week interval. There was also no difference between groups across all testing conditions for simple, first order information (2).
An observational study from 2008 looked at high school athletes and recovery patterns after concussion. Out of 419 athletes who underwent neuropsychological baseline testing (male and female with average age of 15.69), 14 sustained concussions during sport season and were reassessed 2.5, 6 and 10 days post-injury. 14 matched uninjured participants were also reassessed at the end of the school year. Recovery patterns indicate that reaction time and processing speed returned to normal by approx. 6 days post injury, whereas, memory deficits remained from 7-10 days post injury (19).
Another observational study examined differences in neurocognitive performance between symptomatic concussed athletes (n=78), asymptomatic concussed athletes (n=44), and a non-concussed control group of athletes (n=70). All athletes underwent baseline testing and reassessment using ImPACT (Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing). Results demonstrate that the asymptomatic concussed group still performed worse than control group in domains measured by ImPACT. Findings of this study show an imperfect relationship between symptom reporting and neurocognitive recovery (4).
A recent retrospective cohort study (2012) of high school and collegiate athletes (n=49, ages 14-23 years old) evaluated the efficacy of cognitive and physical...

Find Another Essay On Cognitive Consequences of Pediatric Sports-Related Concussions

Epidemiology: Sport-Related Concussions Essay

1819 words - 7 pages sports, and are often glorified by the media in the professional realm. However, many overlook the fact that the vast majority of individuals who play contact sports in this country are under the age of 19 (Buzzini & Guskiewicz, 2006). Research has shown age-related considerations should influence clinical aspects of concussion diagnosis, management, and treatment (Meehan et al, 2011). This paper will focus on the epidemiology of concussions in

NFL Concussions Essay

701 words - 3 pages Concussions occur in every sport and the issue is now becoming a debated topic within the field of sports. Concussion symptoms are typically obvious but some symptoms are more subtle. If a player decides to continue playing with a concussion or has a frequent history with concussion he or she is endangering themselves to more serious injuries. A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that alters primary functions in your brain (Concussions

Concussions

926 words - 4 pages is the differences concussions have on men vs. women. The number of women participating in sports grew from 1.9 million to 3.2 million between 1990 and 2010. With an increase of participation in sports comes an increase in injuries, including concussion, and a need to understand its effects. Evidence is mounting that women, who are more likely than men to suffer a sports-related concussion, also have more severe symptoms in the days immediately

Concussions: Common Injury in Football

2288 words - 10 pages coming at each other. When these forces collide one player will overcome the other or both will bounce backward with equal force. This can cause a concussion in both players if the hit is helmet-to-helmet contact. Concussions remain a serious public health concern, as approximately 1.6 to 3.8 million sports-related concussions are estimated to occur each year. The hidden nature of the signs and symptoms of concussion often make detecting this

Concussions and Student Athletes

1646 words - 7 pages In sports, the best athletes are the individuals that give each team a chance to win every game. The bad news for the best athletes is that sometimes their health gets put second to their abilities. Roughly 1.8 to 3.6 million sports related concussions happen each year (Concussion Statistics). Stronger and faster athletes as well as more impact of the hits or falls have doubled the number of concussions in a decade (Concussion Statistics

Concussions in Pro Sports

645 words - 3 pages Today, there are thousands of people who play sports with a huge risk of severe injuries such as concussions. This is a major problem in most sports mainly being football. This is mainly because of either the lack of protection or lack of rules. I believe that there should be more rules or protection to prevent concussions. The main problem is that there are too many kids and adults becoming severely injured because of lack of awareness for

concussions in different football levels

2026 words - 8 pages are waiting to let their kids play at an older age.Middle SchoolMiddle school football is when concussions begin to be monitored. (Lozier, 2013) Many schools across the United States are making players take mandatory concussion baseline tests by the 8th grade. ( Strosburg, 2013)These tests are done because during middle school the most players are gained and it becomes harder to keep up with all of the injuries. Concussions from contact sports

Libertarianism in the NFL

1109 words - 4 pages long-term consequences of concussions and taken first steps toward addressing the problem. Now an NFL player who sustains a concussion cannot return to the game that day. The reform movement is desperately need at the lowest levels of the game. It should also target the very ways in which football is covered and consumed. As NFL changes will not only protect athletes who suit up on Sundays; they will also trickle down on footballs lower levels

Traumatic Brain Injuries and Sport

2623 words - 11 pages showing ever more that sports related head injuries are causing long lasting brain damage. Nowadays, North American families are thinking twice before enrolling their children in sports, especially those involving contact. The sport and medical worlds need to more fully appreciate the the long lasting consequences of traumatic brain injuries sustained in sports. As it stands, the view of traumatic brain injuries in sports has lead to haphazard rules of

Neurocom Sensory Organization Test

2869 words - 11 pages accurate decisions in regards to return to play. (8) Many questions still remain in regards to an athletes’ return to participation after being diagnosed with a concussion. Thus, ongoing research is being conducted on the short term and long term consequences of concussions on the brain. Postural stability testing for the management of sports-related cerebral concussions is becoming more popular among sports medicine professionals 10. Balance

Concussions In Football

1543 words - 6 pages Football is one of the most popular sports in the world. It is played in a lot of different ways, fashions, and other countries. It can be a very brutal sport with players hitting at the intent to hurt one another. With these intents come great consequences. In recent years the head injuries involved with this brutal game play have been getting uncomfortably high. Many rules have had to be enforced for player safety, because of the increase of

Similar Essays

The Danger Of Sports Concussions Essay

1769 words - 7 pages athletes, just by making sports safety regulations and equipment safer, then why not? The more we know, the safer and healthier we can make our athletes. Remember, it’s just a game after all. The NFL and football organizations everywhere are already striving toward a more safe sport. The NFL has had many lawsuits by former players saying that they didn’t do enough to protect them from the effects of concussions and other head related injuries. In

Consequences Of Steroids In Sports Essay

3001 words - 12 pages Consequences of Steroids in Sports Every year high school, college, and professional athletes try to get just ?a little bigger,??a little stronger,? and to increase the amount of weights they lift by, ?just a few pounds.? To achieve these goals athletes often turn to anabolic steroids to aid them in achieving their goals. Anabolic steroids are a quick, but dangerous way to increase muscle mass, and they can carry many risks including some

Stress And Thriving Regarding An Article "Stress Related Growth And Thriving Through Coping: The Roles Of Personality And Cognitive Processes

813 words - 3 pages The articles I chose are "Stress-Related Growth and Thriving Through Coping: The Roles of Personality and Cognitive Processes" and "Embodying Psychological Thriving: Physical Thriving in Response to Stress". I chose the topic of stress-related growth and thriving because I find stress to be a part of my normal every day routine. I was interested to read how society views stress factors and find ways to overcome their stress into a positive

Hip Rotation Range Of Motion In People With And Without Low Back Pain Who Participate In Rotation Related Sports

2786 words - 11 pages by the Washington University Medical School. Techniques: Demographic, sports related and low back pain questionnaires are asked to answer by the participants to find out the important variables that contribute to the low back pain history between the two analysed groups. Numerical rating scale shows the severity of the pain and gives a clue to find out whether patient is acute or chronic. It as 0 -10 reading above 5 indicates more pain