Cognitive Development Theories Essay

1871 words - 7 pages

Cognitive development is incredibly important when dealing with children because understanding their mental progress and growth is an essential when working with them. Cognitive development is the construction of thought processes, including remembering, problem solving, and decision making from childhood to adolescent (Theory of cognitive development, 2009). Being that a child's thought process is completely different from an adult, many child psychologists have developed their own personal theories on how this procedure occurs.Cognitive development refers to the way an infant perceives, thinks, and gains an understanding of his/her world through the interaction of genetic and learned factors like processing, reasoning, language development, and memory (Theory of development, 2009). This has been studied by many theorists (Erickson, Piaget, Vygotsky, etc) in various ways that all contribute to our understanding of how children develop. One example of an issue debated within this theory was the emergence of the intelligence quotient, or IQ test, brought on by Lewis Terman. These tests are used to determine were a child is mentally by obtaining scores that place them in a particular category. IQ tests however are often criticized for being too narrow as well as too biased in regards to race and gender (Cognitive development, 2009). Another example debated within this issue is how behaviorist B.F. Skinner argued that all children are easily influenced and they gain intelligence through positive reinforcement.Two of the most influential developmental theorist are Jean Piaget and Lev Semionovich Vygotsky who both have very distinct yet some of the same opinions about this topic. Some similarities between the two theories are that both Piaget and Vygotsky's view on the nature or development of intelligence has to do with the acquisition of sign systems which happens in an invariant sequence of steps that is the same for all children (Slavin, 2009). In other words, children learn by remembering certain object by the way they interact with them. They were also both referred to as constructivist because of the idea of mental construction. To them children learn by putting together new information with information that they already know (Theory of cognitive development, 2009).Jean Piaget's own personal view on the nature or development of intelligence differs from Vygotsky's because Piaget believes children need to develop first before they can learn and that knowledge comes from action (Slavin, 2009). In other words they learn by interacting with their surroundings, he did not believe it was by the input from others. He provides many examples to support his theory, one of which is schemes. Schemes play an important role when describing his theory because whenever a child exhibits a certain pattern of behavior or thinking, they are demonstrating schemes (Slavin, 2009). An example of this is how babies will often grab items to shake or to put them into...

Find Another Essay On Cognitive Development Theories

Cognitive Development in Infants Essay

1893 words - 8 pages behavior and intelligence. Examining how experiences (environment) shape the cognitive development of infants, will be a step towards establishing how environment affects intelligence. The second aim of this research is to reveal issues raised by different researchers concerning cognitive development. There are various researchers who have come up with different views and theories explaining cognitive development in infants. Some of these theories

Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper

892 words - 4 pages philosophy, neuroscience, and linguistics. There are different events and people that has played a vital role in the development of the field of cognitive psychology. What is the main focus of this discipline and how did it come to be?Cognitive psychology focuses on a number of things to include how information is obtained, processed, and kept. As a science this branch of psychology can be used as a tool for different life functions such as

The Explanation of Vygotsky and Piaget’s Theories

2180 words - 9 pages social interaction side. I was able to compare and contrast several points in both theories. For one Piaget and Vygotsky agree that a child's cognitive development does take place in stages but by different styles of thinking. Both Piaget and Vygotsky have had great influence on theories of psychology, and education. Both spoke of the development of language, and cognitive learning style as well as the process of them. Both offer views on educators

Learning Theories for Mathematical Concepts

1545 words - 6 pages their own learning and the discovery and development of new understandings/schema (Mc Leod, 2007). Bruner’s theory is based on the belief that learning becomes more meaningful when cultural elements are used in curriculum and teaching approaches. (Takaya, 2008) In this section a comparative and comparison analysis will be conducted on the three theories presented. What do the Cognitivism, Social Cognitive and Constructivism theories have in

Social Interaction Influence Cognitive Development

2335 words - 9 pages cognitive development and how social interaction influences the later stages of children’s life. The essay is going to introduce short overviews of Piaget (1926) and Vygotsky’s (1978) theories to indicate their different approaches when considering cognitive development. Piaget (1926) developed a constructivist theory which is the basis for the other cognitive development theories that followed. He proposed the definition of schema which refers

Cognitive Learning Theory

641 words - 3 pages Cognitive Learning TheoryCognitive theory focuses on an unobservable change in mental knowledge. Cognitive came about as a rejection of the behaviorist views. Psychologists believed that mental events, or cognitivism, could no longer be ignored.According to Blanton (2007), there are many general assumptions of cognitive learning theories such as some learning processes being unique to human beings and cognitive processes are the focus of the

Infancy and Early Childhood Paper

810 words - 3 pages cognitive development that explains infancy and early childhood.Similarities•Both the selected theories that I believe best describes cognitive development in infancy and early childhood come from Piaget.•Both theories have stages (Sensorimotor and preoperational) and are further divided into sub-stages.•Both theories rely on the assumption that infants and children actively construct an understanding of the world.•Both

Cognitive, Cognitive Behavioral, and Reality Theories

1225 words - 5 pages Cognitive, Cognitive Behavioral and Reality Theories Cognitive Theory Cognitive theory is a learning approach in psychology that attempts to explain the behavior of humans by studying thoughts and reasoning process. The cognitive theory is founded on many other factors like cognitive reasoning and social cognitive theory. Aaron Beck founded the theory and it is meant to understand the human behavior by observing the processes triggered by

Adolescence Cognitive Development

1538 words - 6 pages Summary The purpose of this issue paper is to compare and contrast two different articles one written by L.E. Berk in 2010 that explores lifespan development. The other article was written by the staff and research team at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford in 2012 that addresses what cognitive development is and the progress of adolescence cognitive development. Cognitive development begins from the moment of birth and continues

The Cognitive, Neurophysiological and Evolutionary Theories of Learning

1248 words - 5 pages In the study of learning, learning theories are categorized into paradigms or schools of thought based on viewpoints shared by scientists that provide a framework for research. Three of the major paradigms of learning theories include the cognitive paradigm, the neurophysiological paradigm and the evolutionary paradigm. The first paradigm is referred to as cognitive because theorists place their emphasis on the cognitive nature of learning

Psychological theories

1749 words - 7 pages that cognitive skills are learned through social interactions (Feldman 2008). Arnold Gesell, an American pediatrician who did his research at the Yale Child Study Center, bases His theory on heredity promoting development in a preordained sequence, with few individual differences with each individual (Wagner, 2009).Developmental theories provide steps for thinking about human growth, development and learning. These theories provide insight to

Similar Essays

Comparing The Two Theories Of Cognitive Development

1550 words - 6 pages Comparing the Two Theories of Cognitive Development There are three main types of cognitive development. There is Piaget's theory, Vygotsky's theory and the Information processing approach. The two theories that I am going to compare and contrast are Piaget and Vygotsky's theories. There are many differences between these two theories, but there are also many similarities too. Piaget suggests that cognitive

Research On The Cognitive & Moral Development Theories Of Jean Piaget & Lawrence Kohlberg

2691 words - 11 pages Running head: PIAGET & KOHLBERGResearch on the Cognitive & Moral Development Theories of Jean Piaget & Lawrence KohlbergDonna O. O'ConnorInternational University of the CaribbeanAbstractThe intention of this paper is to provide an overview of the psychological theories of Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg. While Piaget's perspective was psychological, Kholberg's viewpoint was psychological with emphasis placed on moral development

Research On The Cognitive & Moral Development Theories Of Jean Piaget & Lawrence Kohlberg

2691 words - 11 pages Running head: PIAGET & KOHLBERGResearch on the Cognitive & Moral Development Theories of Jean Piaget & Lawrence KohlbergDonna O. O'ConnorInternational University of the CaribbeanAbstractThe intention of this paper is to provide an overview of the psychological theories of Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg. While Piaget's perspective was psychological, Kholberg's viewpoint was psychological with emphasis placed on moral development

Perspectives Of Learning And Teaching In Piaget's And Vygotsky's Theories

1769 words - 7 pages The Venn diagram is comparing the similarities and differences of two theories Piaget’s and Vygotsky Theories on Cognitive development. Piaget’s difference to Vygotsky is children collaborating with peers of the classroom, having stages of development that impact child development over birth to adulthood and how inherited characteristics of being a confident or quiet child. Vygotsky Theory is about Zone of Proximal development, scaffolding of