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Cognitive Development In Children Essay

868 words - 4 pages

Cognition is the ability to gain knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses. There are essentially four stages of cognitive development; sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational. The sensorimotor stage is from birth to around 2 years old and during this stage you know the world only by movements and sensations. The next stage, preoperational, happens between 2 and 7 and is when you start to think symbolically and use words and pictures for objects. The third stage, concrete operational, is from 7 to 11, and you begin to think logically. The final stage, formal operational, happens at the ages 12+. This stage you begin to ...view middle of the document...

Some of the clinical side of the disorders are genetic disability, brain injury, ADHD, ADD, or dyslexia. Functionally speaking, these a cognitive disorder may affect the child's problem-solving techniques, attention span, memory, mathematical comprehension, visual understanding, reading, linguistics, and verbal apprehension. How do we prevent these disorders from happening?

Although there are some things you cannot prevent, such as genetics, there are things that can help prevent some of the disorders. During pregnancy you should get plenty of rest and eat nutritious meals while avoiding risky foods such as high-mercury fish. After the child is born, breast feeding is greatly recommended to help the child develop. The more bonding you do with the child, the better. You bond with the child by providing a lot of physical and eye contact as well as responding to their needs, such as when they are crying. To assist in the cognitive development, it is necessary to expose the child to a variety of sights, sounds, and toys. They can even have an affect on the child later on in life. For example, early exposure to music seems to correlate with later interest in music, according to "Child Psychology." (Davis, Sensory Development)

I personally have seen these factors have a role in the development of a few of my cousins. For simplicity I will refer to my uncle's family as Family A, and my cousin's family as Family B. Well, Family A `found that breast feeding was too big of an inconvenience since they needed the mother to collect scrap metal along...

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