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Cognitive Processing Is The Act Of Acquiring New Information, Storing The Information In Our Memory, And Using The Knowledge That Is Attained.

1329 words - 5 pages

The Brain and Phineas Gage University of Phoenix Cognitive processing is the act of acquiring new information, storing the information in our memory, and using the knowledge that is attained. This mental process is associated with our vision, attention, memory, and the unconscious processes that lead to conscious perception. The brain plays a vital role in cognitive functioning. To gain full comprehension of cognitive mental processing, it is crucial to explain the role of the brain in cognitive functioning. It is also of interest to describe Phineas Gage's accident, which made history in the both the psychological and medical field, and explain how what the accident revealed about how brain areas support cognitive functions.The brain and its functions play the largest role in the way that people think, perceive, remember, and learn. In order for psychologists to come to a full understanding of cognitive functioning, it is important to first to explore the brain and how the mind work in relation to cognitive functioning. As psychologists focus their studies on human cognition and the processes that are involved, their findings lead them to the three pound gem, the brain. "This organ has enabled the human race to become the most dominant species on earth with all its many artistic, scientific, medical, and technological achievements" (Wickens, 2005 para. 1 ). The brain is one of the most complex organs in the human body. The brain is estimated to contain around a billion neurons. These neurons enable the brain to make connections to other terminals of neurons eventually leading to information processing. The study of the brain is one of the most expanding areas in modern science today, and part of this development is a quest to understand how its physical and chemical structures give rise to human behavior (Wickens, 2005). Neuroscience informs cognitive psychology, and indeed, cognitive psychology informs neuroscience, one is not a replacement for the other (Willingham, 2007). We learn from a variety of stimuli, including parents, peers, schools, and work. Our memory and learning assists in us in being able to properly process the information received, sort it, and place in a sort of categorically file. Human and animal learning stems from the brain and the functions and structures within. Learning, memory, and perception involve changes within the Central Nervous System. The cognitive mental functions involve the use of neurons, receptors, and neurotransmitters to relay information through synapses in the bran's electrical firing. Learning and memory may set up new patterns of electrical activity in circuits of many thousands, if not millions of neurons (Wickens, 2005). The cerebral cortex and the brain's lobes and functions also play a role in cognitive functioning. The cerebral cortex is the layer of cells that covers the outside of the brain (Willingham, 2007). The cerebral cortex is involved in learning, short-term memory, and spatial memory....

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