Cognitive Theory Essay

2413 words - 10 pages

Cognitive Theory

There is no one way to learn! Throughout life is faced with many different learning experiences. Some of these experiences have made a better impact than others on different people. At one time in everyone’s life one has seen or have been the child who will attempt to read a single page from a book and become so frustrated and disorientated because she or he does not comprehended nor can one retell what one has just read. This was me, the child who struggled and just did not understand what I was reading. My teachers would present reading material and I would have to read it countless times and sometimes still I did not understand what the reading passage was about. However, with time I started to develop step by step process to help me better understand what I was reading, and finally it all came together. One way to help things to come together for a person is through the Cognitive Theory. The Cognitive Theory presents different theories for the way that one can be taught in different subjects, the different types of learners, and advantages of understanding the process in which one can go through to learn better.

There are several different ways in which one learns. One way to learn is by adapting the cognitive style which sets a structure that one should go through a process of perceiving, thinking, problem solving and remembering. James Poon identifies two different types of learning approaches associated with the cognitive theory, reflective and impulsive. “Reflective individuals tend to be analytical, cautious, accurate, and slow in their approach to problem solving” (66). Poon also says that “reflective individuals are found to be an effective predictor of an academic achievement in first grade, especially in the area of vocabulary, total auditory, and total reading” (67). Where as Poon identifies “an individual who are quick to respond, risk takers, easily bored, curious, easily frustrated, distractible, and less able to concentrate, is an Impulsive learner”(66). Impulsive learners are perceived to “cause more frustration for teachers, and some label these learners as having behavior disorders or being hyperactive people most of their problems are eternal behavior problems” (67). A key point is that both these learners have the same intellectual capacity to learn; however the difference is the ability to use the information and the way one processes the information. As with each of these learning styles, reflective and impulsive, awareness of what type of learner one is, along with what type of people on e is associated with in one’s environment is very crucial for all learners. However, “the teacher’s attitude and expectations in dealing with these learners will determine the classroom atmosphere, student achievement, and student attitude” (Ugar 15). It is every teacher’s duty to make the learning process a pleasurable one for all students, and becoming familiar with the different learning styles will...

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