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Cold War Essay

950 words - 4 pages

Even though Canada was not one of the main countries involved, Canada still had a great significant role in the Cold War. Canada played a major role in NORAD/NATO during the Cold War to help keep peace. Gouzenko played a major role during the Cold War, as he uncovered a Soviet Spy Ring for Canada. The Avro Arrow, even though the project was cancelled, had a great significant role during the Cold War.From 1945-1990, Communist Russia and the capitalist west confronted each other in what was known as the Cold War. It was called a Cold War because there was no actual fighting. The fact that both sides possessed nuclear weapons probably prevented war between them, however each side fought wars in ...view middle of the document...

Kennedy and USSR Premier Nikita Khrushchev. Korea was divided into two parts, Russia controlled the North and America controlled the South. When the Cold War began no agreement could be reached for its reunification. Troops from the North invaded the South in attempt to reunify the country under communist control but it did not work. By 1953 a treaty was signed agreeing a frontier along the 38th parallel. The North American Defense Command (NORAD) began planning for a more secure site. After this it was moved above ground, at what is now the United States Olympic training center. NORAD was asked to investigate aircraft that did not file flight plans, contact ground controllers or identify themselves with transponders. In 1949 the western nations formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to co-ordinate their defense against Russia. When the North Atlantic Treaty was signed by Canada, military deployments were not required until Communist aggression in Korea (June 1950) shocked the allies into action. In November 1951, Canadian troops crossed the Atlantic to help defend Western Europe for the third time in less than forty years.Canada had a significant role in NATO and NORAD during the Cold War to help form the defense of democratic countries. Canada lies directly between two giant war machines, the United States and Soviet Union. In 1949 Canada, United States and Britain formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to co-ordinate their defense against Russia. Canada agreed to NATO because Canada believed that collective defense was the most effective and efficient way of protecting our democratic values and traditions. NATO consisted of 12 countries and ensured that the tension to the east and west remained high. NATO had standing forces available...

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