Cold War Essay

1999 words - 8 pages

The Cold War was characterized by mutual distrust, suspicion and misunderstanding by both the United States and Soviet Union, and their allies. At times, these conditions increased the likelihood of a third world war. The United States accused the USSR of seeking to expand Communism throughout the world. The Soviets, meanwhile, charged the United States with practicing imperialism and with attempting to stop revolutionary activity in other countries. Each block's vision of the world contributed to East-West tension. The United States wanted a world of independent nations based on democratic principles. The Soviet Union, however, tried to control areas it considered vital to its national interest, including much of Eastern Europe.Though the Cold War did not begin until the end of World War II, in 1945, U.S.-Soviet relations had been strained since 1917. In that year, a revolution in Russia established a Communist dictatorship there. During the 1920's and 1930's, the Soviets called for world revolution and the destruction of capitalism, the economic system of United States. The United States did not grant diplomatic recognition to the Soviet Union until 1933. In 1941, during World War II, Germany attacked the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union then joined the Western Allies in fighting Germany. For a time early in 1945, it seemed possible that a lasting friendship might develop between the United States and Soviet Union based on their wartime cooperation. However, major differences continued to exist between the two, particularly with regard to Eastern Europe. As a result of these differences, the United States adopted a "get tough" policy toward the Soviet Union after the war ended. The Soviets responded by accusing the United States and the other capitalist allies of the West of seeking to encircle the Soviet Union so they could eventually overthrow its Communist form of government.The subject of Cold War interests American historians and journalists as well as Russian ones. In particular, famous journalist Henry Borovik raises this topic in his book. He analyzes the events of Cold War from the point of view of modern Russian man. With the appearance of democracy and freedom of speech Russians could free themselves from past stereotypical perceptions of Cold War events, as well as America as a whole. Russians also learned something new about American people's real life and personality. A new developing stage of relations with the United States has begun with the collapse of the Soviet Union into independent states. In order to direct these relations in the right way it is necessary to study events of Cold War very carefully and try to avoid past mistakes.Even before World War II, there were signs of tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. After World War I, Soviet-American relations drew on a deep reservoir of mutual distrust. Soviet suspicion of the United States went back to America's hostile reaction to the Bolshevik Revolution...

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