Cold War Analysis On Superpower Rivalry Modern History Essay

1390 words - 6 pages

The Cold War was a period of world history lasting from the end of the Second World War to the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. It saw high tensions between the east (largely made up of the Warsaw Pact) and the west (largely made up of NATO) in the midst of the threat of mutually assured nuclear annihilation at the hands of nuclear powers on both sides. The Cold War was mainly the result of the ideological clash between capitalism (the economic and political system championed by the west) and communism (the economic and political system championed by the USSR and to a lesser extent China). However, as the Cold War went on it began to transition into more of a classical superpower rivalry as both sides began to modernise and adapt to the increasingly globalised world political sphere. Major flash points of the Cold War that show how the cold war either an ideological struggle or superpower rivalry were the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Nuclear Arms Race, the Space Race, the CIAs Intervention in Chile.
Communism and Capitalism are intrinsically conflicting ideologies; they envision entirely different economic and political systems and present conflicting views on equality versus freedom. Communism was first envisioned by Karl Marx, his teachings were greatly taken on by historical figures such as Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. These figures and their followers would set in motion events that turned the Russian empire into the communist Soviet Union that Stalin would lead into the Cold War. Capitalism wasn’t the product of a person’s philosophical explorations but rather the dynamic/organic evolution of the free market and trade systems that made up the earliest economies. Communism teaches that the means of production should remain in the hands of the state and that every citizen should be compensated equally. This is expressed in the quote from Karl Marx – “The theory of Communism may be summed up in one sentence: Abolish all private property”. It emphasises strict market control and authoritarian rule. This contrasts with capitalist values such as freedom, free markets and democracy. Essentially the difference is equality under authoritarianism versus equal opportunity under democracy. This is the basis for the ideological struggle of the cold war as these ideologies are incompatible and both sides demonised the other. As Winston Churchill once put it “The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings; the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal sharing of miseries.”

The Communism and capitalism clashed when the Cuban Missile Crisis was caused when the Soviets deployed nuclear missiles in Communist Cuba (an ally of the USSR) in response to the US placing missiles in Italy and Turkey. This meant that with Soviet Intermediate range nuclear missiles within striking distance of the US mainland, thus the ability of the USSR to perform an effective first strike and devastate the US was greatly increased. The US...

Find Another Essay On Cold War analysis on superpower rivalry - Modern history - Essay

Cold War Analysis

800 words - 3 pages ideology and forge an effective party affiliation (258-260). This victory turned the application of party ideology and organization to mobilize resources including manpower, taxes, labor, and intelligence (260). The author concludes that “American suspicions of radical nationalism pushed the third world further into an arena of superpower competition” (272). Immanuel Wallerstein’s article called What Cold War in Asia? An Interpretive Essay

Cold War Essay

1058 words - 4 pages arms control accomplished by President Nixon in his efforts to prevent any further nuclear weapon buildup or another arms race.Arms control limitation policy led to the end of the Cold War by preventing further arm buildups and banning or limiting nuclear weapons that could lead to a nuclear war and more tension. These negotiations and treaties led to interaction and the beginning of the peace process by two rival, bitter enemies agreeing on

The Cold War Essay

1151 words - 5 pages . Despite the fact that this war is one of the longest in our history, I have chosen three main points that I think are vital for understanding the Cold War. Before when I said that this war took place without any fighting between the sides, I wasn’t lying. However, instead of directly fighting each other, they supported different sides during other wars that had the same ideals as them. Two examples of this would be the Vietnam War and the Korean

Cold War Essay

1073 words - 4 pages Europe as NATO went to exert its influence and expand to countries seeking to counter against communism. This also caused splits such as with North & South Korea and North & South Vietnam. With one side communism and the other side more on the side capitalism. Another staple in the cold war was the Cuban missile crisis that was another turning point in the Cold War that almost led to nuclear fallout. This brought the Soviet-American

Arab nationalism’s impact on the Cold War - MENA UH - essay

1087 words - 5 pages To address Arab nationalism’s impact on the Cold War, one must first attempt to define it. Arab nationalism was based around the principle of Arab solidarity, Arab nationalism held the eventual aim of complimenting the already existing cultural unity of the Arab world, with a political unity. One of the foremost theorists of Arab nationalism during the Cold War, Sati al-Husri, defined its logic by arguing that Arabs spoke a “unitary language

Causes of World War 1 - Modern History - Critical Analysis

1078 words - 5 pages The causes of World War 1 have been debated by historians for decades and it has become accepted that there is no one sole cause. After looking at different aspect of European History, it can be argued that it was in fact a mixture of circumstances and events that led ‘to the war to end all wars’. The main topics that will be explored on what caused World War 1 are the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Militarism, the Alliance systems

Essay on the Impacts that the US and the USSR had on Europe following World War Two - ATAR Modern History - Essay

785 words - 4 pages Doctrine and Cominform, the balance brought about stability rather than making the Cold War colder. As seen throughout this essay, the political and economic interests of the major world powers between 1945 and 1955 had impacts on Europe which brought stability through balance of power. The Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, Cominform and Comecon certainly intensified the division between the East and the West but the balance of power brought about stability. The Soviet responses to the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan in the form of Cominform and Comecon brought about the balance of power that allowed no power to be greater or more dominant in Europe.

Brief History of the Cold War

1132 words - 5 pages The Cold War is the term used to describe the tense relationship between post World War II East and West. The United States and Western Europe stood on the principle of opposing the communism that dominated Russia and Eastern Europe. Russia was overtaking smaller eastern European countries with force and did not want the United States to resist this movement into Europe. The two superpowers quickly abandoned the appearance of being allies, with

"Egyptian Alliance Under Nasser". An analysis of the Soviet influence on Cold War Egypt

1826 words - 7 pages Egyptian Allegiance Under NasserDuring Gamal Abdel Nasser's presidency in Egypt, which ran through the early 50's to the late 60's, the Cold War had both the Soviet Union and the United States gathering countries to form blocs with which they attempted to outdo each other's world influence. Egypt experienced Western rule as a British protectorate, and in 1919, a rebellion against the British was the first sign of Egyptian unrest with the

A analysis into Indonesian History, Highlighting the Pancasila Document - Modern History - Essay

1735 words - 7 pages Kahin, G. (1952). Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia. New York: Cornell University Press. Legge, J. (1972). Sukarno: A Political Biography. North Sydney: Allen Lane The Penguin Press. Vickers, A. (2005). A History of Modern Indonesia. New York: Cambridge University Press. 1 | Page Marika Wark

Account for the outbreak of World War I in August 1914 - Preliminary Modern History - Essay

2188 words - 9 pages During the summer of 1914 Europe was on the brink of war and it would take a mere spark to plunge the European nations into a major conflict unlike and that had previously been experienced. As James Joll contests Europe was experiencing a ‘mood’ that had promoted this warlike atmosphere and it would come as no surprise when leading European nation were finally at war by August 1914. However not one incident can be used to ascertain the reason

Similar Essays

Cause And Effect Of The Berlin Wall During The Cold War High School Modern History Research Essay

2634 words - 11 pages Modern History: The Cold War Studies of Beliefs and Ideas: The Cold War The Berlin Wall Bridie Spottiswood Mrs Etherden 14/08/2015 The Berlin Wall The Cold War was a conflict which lasted from 1945 to 1991. At the close of the Second World War, two superpowers had emerged, the United States and the Soviet Union. These nations were allied during World War Two and had supressed their mutual hostility in order to defeat the Nazi regime. High levels

Origins Of Cold War By Alex Freedman History Essay

2158 words - 9 pages To what extent was the Cold War caused by the establishment of Soviet domination in Eastern Europe in the years 1944-48? The establishment of Soviet domination in Eastern Europe following World War II should be considered a fundamental prerequisite to the Cold War. The traditionalist views on the origins of the Cold War argue that the United States were forced to intervene in the region because of fears of communist dictatorships being

Cold War Timeline On Special Events History Eassay

672 words - 3 pages Balin Leija  U.S History B  September 17, 2017  The Cold War   Rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union for control  over the postwar world emerged before World War II had even ended. U.S.  presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S Truman and Soviet premier  Joseph Stalin never really trusted one another, even while working together  to defeat the Nazis. This mutual mistrust actually began as far back as 1917,  when the United

Notes On The Cold War For History 12. By Mundeazy

1031 words - 4 pages Cold WarThe Cold War is the term used to describe the tense relationship between post World War II East and West. The United States and Western Europe stood on the principle of opposing the communism that dominated Russia and Eastern Europe. Russia was overtaking smaller eastern European countries with force and did not want the United States to resist this movement into Europe. The two superpowers quickly abandoned the appearance of being