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Cold War In The Congo Essay

1010 words - 4 pages

Kathleen NixonTHE COLD WAR GETS HOTThe Cold War and the Congo:Context:The Congo was under Belgian rule - before the Cold War the Congo was a Belgian Colony ruled by King Leopold II in Brussels. The society was treated with cruelty and unjust, there was no exercise or any care in reforming or helping the Congo develop.Around 1957 the Congo began demanding independence. Although it did not have much of a political structure the Congo began experiencing different political campaigns. After the 1957 Municipal Elections there were various conversations in order to introduce autonomy to the Congo. In 1959 disagreements and riots began across Leopoldville. Both Europeans and Africans died during these revolts. With the Congo in chaos, a hundred delegates from top Congolese political parties met in a conference that included the Belgian government.Independence was obtained on June 30th of 1960 and the Congo was to be known as the Democratic Republic of Congo. From these elections Joseph Kasavubu and the Bokongo Tribal Group came out victorious - his main beliefs were based on those of a federalist independent Congo. Patrice Lumumba - other political leader established the first political party Mouvement National Congolauis (MNC) which centralized its views on a communist Congo controlled by a main government. Moise Tshombe's party won control over Katanga (Southern Province).The United States - Eisenhower administration had high hopes for the Congo´s new government due to the fact that they're ideals where mainly pro-western. Although these hopes disappeared when the newly independent nation was led into chaos.The establishment of different political parties and leaders led to some of the major conflicts faced in the Congo.Important Figures:Joseph Kasa-Vubu: First President after Municipal ElectionsMoise TshombePatrice Lumumba: Prime MinisterColonel Mobutu Sese SekoEisenhower AdministrationCIA (Central Intelligence Agency) United StatesLawrence Devlin - CIA Chief of Station in the CongoEvents of the War:As chaos was spreading and the situation began getting worse Mobutu decided to take power over the Congo and gave Katanga independence, he did this by ousting the Congolese and Belgian government.Unable to control the Congolese National Army - the Belgians brought in troops to the Congo to restore order. Because the Congo was now independent this act was illegal due to the fact that they did not seek permission from either President Kasa-Vubu or Vice President Lumumba. As a result the Congolese government appealed directly to the UN demanding the removal of Belgian troops. On July 13th the UN approved a resolution which created an intervention force and called for the withdrawal of all Belgian troops.United States supported UN effort. However members of the Eisenhower administration were concerned that the Congo crisis would provide an opening for Soviet intervention - therefore they saw a diplomatic solution to the crisis. Patrice Lumumba was...

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