Cold War In The Congo Essay

1010 words - 4 pages

Kathleen NixonTHE COLD WAR GETS HOTThe Cold War and the Congo:Context:The Congo was under Belgian rule - before the Cold War the Congo was a Belgian Colony ruled by King Leopold II in Brussels. The society was treated with cruelty and unjust, there was no exercise or any care in reforming or helping the Congo develop.Around 1957 the Congo began demanding independence. Although it did not have much of a political structure the Congo began experiencing different political campaigns. After the 1957 Municipal Elections there were various conversations in order to introduce autonomy to the Congo. In 1959 disagreements and riots began across Leopoldville. Both Europeans and Africans died during these revolts. With the Congo in chaos, a hundred delegates from top Congolese political parties met in a conference that included the Belgian government.Independence was obtained on June 30th of 1960 and the Congo was to be known as the Democratic Republic of Congo. From these elections Joseph Kasavubu and the Bokongo Tribal Group came out victorious - his main beliefs were based on those of a federalist independent Congo. Patrice Lumumba - other political leader established the first political party Mouvement National Congolauis (MNC) which centralized its views on a communist Congo controlled by a main government. Moise Tshombe's party won control over Katanga (Southern Province).The United States - Eisenhower administration had high hopes for the Congo´s new government due to the fact that they're ideals where mainly pro-western. Although these hopes disappeared when the newly independent nation was led into chaos.The establishment of different political parties and leaders led to some of the major conflicts faced in the Congo.Important Figures:Joseph Kasa-Vubu: First President after Municipal ElectionsMoise TshombePatrice Lumumba: Prime MinisterColonel Mobutu Sese SekoEisenhower AdministrationCIA (Central Intelligence Agency) United StatesLawrence Devlin - CIA Chief of Station in the CongoEvents of the War:As chaos was spreading and the situation began getting worse Mobutu decided to take power over the Congo and gave Katanga independence, he did this by ousting the Congolese and Belgian government.Unable to control the Congolese National Army - the Belgians brought in troops to the Congo to restore order. Because the Congo was now independent this act was illegal due to the fact that they did not seek permission from either President Kasa-Vubu or Vice President Lumumba. As a result the Congolese government appealed directly to the UN demanding the removal of Belgian troops. On July 13th the UN approved a resolution which created an intervention force and called for the withdrawal of all Belgian troops.United States supported UN effort. However members of the Eisenhower administration were concerned that the Congo crisis would provide an opening for Soviet intervention - therefore they saw a diplomatic solution to the crisis. Patrice Lumumba was...

Find Another Essay On Cold War in The Congo

The Cold War Essay

2556 words - 10 pages The Cold War is generally considered as the time period between 1945 and 1990. It was a diplomatic struggle and arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union; NATO and the Warsaw Pact; East and West. Trillions of dollars and rubles, Russian currency, were spent by the US and USSR. It was a time when everyone lived in fear. It also was a time of great technological advancement. Perhaps, some of the technological advancement such as the

The Cold War Essay

996 words - 4 pages The Cold War began after World War Two. It was the major force in world politics for most of the second half of the twentieth century. The main enemies were the United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold war got its name because both sides were afraid of fighting each other directly. In such a "hot war," nuclear weapons might destroy everything. So, instead, they fought each other indirectly. They supported conflicts in different parts of the

The Cold War

1028 words - 4 pages before?. This could partly be due to the economic boom that had swept the country after World War II was over. This boom was led by the automobile, construction, and defense industries; this boom lasted for twenty-five years. All of these changes in American culture were due to breakout of the Cold War (Norton 788). The United States, in the year 1947, Harry Truman had been president for two years. Unfortunately, as Vice President, Truman

The Cold War

1009 words - 4 pages When one hears the common phrase, “The only good commie is a dead one,” the Cold War comes to mind. This war, cold because of no direct violence towards each country, was a major contribution to future wartime diplomacy. The clever Americans used many tactics to create a “cold” war that would benefit them in every aspect. The fear of communism consuming smaller countries exaggerated the possibility that America’s economy could be jeopardized

The Cold War - 1492 words

1492 words - 6 pages growth in weapons of mass destruction was the most worrying issue. The Cold War is also said to be the conflict between the Communist nations led by the Soviet Union and the democratic nations led by the United States. This war was fought by all means of propaganda, economic war, and occasional military clashes. The ends of World War II lead to the start of the Cold war. The US, Britain and Russia were only allies because of a common enemy

The cold war

2499 words - 10 pages influence over their former allies. This phenomenon have led to the creation of a bipolar world, divided in two powerful blocs surrounded by buffer zones, and to the beginning of what we call the Cold War because of the absence of direct conflicts between the two nations. In order to spread their influence and promote their ideologies, the United States and the Soviet Bloc have mainly used two strategies: expansionism, which aim to get the

The Cold War - 1427 words

1427 words - 6 pages The Cold War In November 17, 1917 the during the October revolution Lenin assumed control of Russia and instated his new form of government. This new from of government causes America and her allies to "intervene" on the sides of the "whites" against the "reds". This intervention in fact was an invasion of Russia, although this intervention was not intended to take control of the government, but to keep Russia in World

the cold war

540 words - 2 pages The Cold War, often dated from 1947 to 1991, was a sustained state of political and military tension between powers in the Western Bloc, dominated by the United States with NATO among its allies, and powers in the Eastern Bloc, dominated by the Soviet Union along with the Warsaw Pact. This began after the success of their temporary wartime alliance against Nazi Germany, leaving the USSR and the US as two superpowers with profound economic and

the cold war

1111 words - 4 pages The Cold War and American SocietyMelonie BrownThe Cold War had a long lasting effect on American society for much of the second half of the 20th century. The United States represented capitalism and democracy while the Soviet Union represented communism and authoritarianism. The Cold War differed with most wars in that much of it was propaganda. Hollywood produced anti-communist movies and changed film scripts to remove anything that didn't

The Cold War - 1596 words

1596 words - 6 pages The Cold War had an impact regarding Americans socially and culturally. What was the Cold War? The Cold War was a small war between the US and the Soviet Union. It ended up to be that the Soviet Union ended after this.What specifically in social and cultural life did it impact? It impacted how people bonded and they got closer with different cultures, such as African Americans. Some of history’s most famous speeches given during this time

The Cold War Today

709 words - 3 pages The world saw the end of the Cold War in 1991 when the Soviet Union crumbled to the ground. Or so it thought. While the fall of the USSR did mark the end of an era and a rise of a new one, there is still indeed a sense of containment that the United States feels it must push on Russia. These sort of weary feelings are very reminiscent of what once was. Russia has not been shy about demonstrating power and expanding its influence. In 2005

Similar Essays

Un Action In The Korean War And Congo Crisis

967 words - 4 pages Untitled In what ways does the Korean War and the Crisis in the Congo illustrate the work of the United Nations During the Cold War the USA became increasingly drawn into the struggle to stop the spread of Communism (containment). In 1945 the Japanese forces in the north of the Korean peninsula had surrendered to the USSR, those in the South had surrendered to the USA. It was agreed to divide the country under the line of the 38th

Colonialism In The Congo Essay

1833 words - 7 pages The first successful exploration of the Congo was by journalist Henry Morton Stanley,between 1874 and 1877. Upon his return to Europe, Stanley petitioned the Britishgovernment to colonize the region, but he was refused. However, King Leopold II of Belgiumhired Stanley to return to the Congo to set up trading stations and establish relations withthe native chiefs. In 1876 he hosted a meeting of world explorers, sayinghe wanted to develop central

The Cold War (Dbq) Essay

627 words - 3 pages The Cold WarThe Cold War was "the struggle for global power between the United States and the Soviet Union following World War II" (History book, pg. 874). The Cold War began by controversial wants and needs from two different countries and several different "weapons" were used to fight this controversial war. The feuds eventually kept building up, greater and greater, resulting in one great war. Two countries, the United States and the Soviet

The Cold War Summarized Essay

1612 words - 6 pages The period of tension between the world's two superpowers following the Second World War is known as the Cold War. This period was full of tension and fear that the United States and the USSR would destroy each other and the world with their arsenals of atomic weapons. The seeds of this rivalry were planted nearly a quarter of a century before its actual commencement with the Revolution of 1918 in Russia. The Cold War Rivalry would manifest