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Cold War's Impact On America Politically, Socially, And Economically

1736 words - 7 pages

Cold War's Impact on America Politically, Socially, and Economically

As the Soviet Union approaches Berlin from the East, the allied forces invade from the west. Hitler’s German war-machine was crumbling. The United States had to make an enormous decision. Should they attack the Red Army of the Soviet Union? Should they keep the increasingly shaky alliance with the Russians and end the war in Europe? America chose to remain allies, resulting in a decision that affected the world for the next 46 years. World War 2 had concluded but now there was a new enemy, the Soviet Communist.

The post-war world left the Soviets and the United States in an ideological power struggle. The origin of the cold war is hard to pinpoint. There were several issues and disagreements that led to it. The political differences between the 2 nations were absolute opposites. America was a democracy, a system that allows its citizens to choose the political party in which runs the government. The Communists were led by one of the most vicious dictators in human history, Joseph Stalin.

America has a capitalist economic system that allows private ownership of business and property. This freedom allows citizens the opportunity for financial success. All businesses and institutions of the Russian socialist economy were owned, regulated, and operated by the government.

The purpose of American government is to protect the individual rights of its citizens. The soviet regime stood for control. World War 2 had just ended, and these two super-powers were becoming agitated, leery, and even paranoid of looming intentions.

Although U.S.S.R and the U.S. were allies in the war, the suspicion and distrust was radiating from both sides. The Verona Project later proved that there were Soviet spies working within the Manhattan Project. Stalin was distrustful of the U.S., and the use of spies illustrated that he was worried about his ally. Stalin was not a fool. Hitler had burned him with the non-aggression pact. He felt that he could not trust anyone. Stalin had learned from the past. Following two German invasions within the last 50 years, Stalin desired a buffer in Europe while he still had the power. His strategy seemed valid and his reasoning justified, particularly if you were a supporter of his communist regime.

In the west, Britain and America had different plans. Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill had agreed on the Atlantic Charter. This charter formed a democratic alliance called the United Nations. The United Nations stands for world freedom. They wanted to end colonialism, which would eventually require Britain to give up their Indian Empire. It would rid all nations of foreign control. In turn the United States would insure the survival of Great Britain. The basic goals of the United Nations were to create global scale free-market capitalism, and to increase the worldwide standard of living. The world would be democratic in order to enable...

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