This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Collapse Of The Weimar Republic And The Rise Of The Nazis

1382 words - 6 pages

Collapse of the Weimar republic/ Rise of the Nazis

This essay will examine how the lack of effective opposition and the weakness of the Weimar, was a major factor in the Nazis rising to power between 1919 and 1933.

On the 28th of June 1919, a peace treaty, also known as the treaty of Versailles, was signed, ending the First World War. The treaty had a humiliating effect causing great resentment. Germany had no choice but to accept the terms of the treaty, which later had a considerable impact on the countries running. The negotiations for this treaty took six months, at the Paris peace conference. Germany was forced to accept all responsibility for causing the war, making substantial territorial concessions along with disarming, which reduced their army to 100,000 men, no tanks or U-boats and the Rhineland, which previously belonged to Germany, was to be demilitarised. They also had reperations of £6.6 billion to pay back.Germany then lost all conections with it’s overseas colonies and could never again unite with Austria. They lost a large area of teritory to Belgium, France and Poland, this was a significant loss to Germany as these areas were rich in mineral wealth. This would put a strain on Germany’s ability to re pay the allies.
A new constitution was adopted in August 1919 by the Weimar republic, and brought with it many positive aspects such as a representative parliament, where the people of Germany had a say in their political system. They had the ability to directly elect their president giving them the choice of the best person to run the country. Another advantage of the constitution was the introduction of the Bill of Rights giving them the guarantee of free speech, legal equality and the right to have minimum provision to social services. Although the new constitution brought many positive aspects, it inevitably, had some problems. By introducing proportional representing, it was extremely hard for any party to receive a majority of the votes within parliament, this led to the creation of coalition governments.
During the period of 1919-23, Germany endured great political upheaval, firstly, in January 1919 when the Social Democratic Party oppressed the rebellion of the communists, better known as The Spartacist Revolt.
Between March and May 1919, the communists were suppressed by the Freikorps, where they attempted to takeover the Munich and Soviet republic. They were ordered to crush the revolt and shoot anyone carrying a gun, Then in March 1920, the Kapp Putsch took place, which attempted to overthrow the Weimar government but failed, following a general strike instigated by the trade union workers.
In 1923, Belgium and France invaded the Ruhr due to Germany’s failure to repay the massive reparation payments. They entered industrialised areas of Germany resulting in workers striking which caused problems and had a devastating effect on the German economy. In order to help with the strike and reparations the government...

Find Another Essay On Collapse of the Weimar Republic and the Rise of the Nazis

Assess the view that the collapse of the Weimar Republic was primarily due to the appeal of Hitler and his Nazi Party

1976 words - 8 pages Modern History Assessment"Assess the view that the collapse of the Weimar Republic was primarily due to the appeal of Hitler and his Nazi Party."The Weimar Republic was incepted after the fall of the Hollenzollern Dynasty in 1918, and was, from the outset, a government riddled with weakness and incompetence in a variety of crucial social, economic and political areas. This social democratic regime was vulnerable to a range of influences

The Rise of Nazis' Power Essay

2369 words - 9 pages The Rise of Nazis' Power By 1930, Herman Müller's Grand Coalition government, led by the SPD and including the DDP, Centre Party (Z), DVP and BVP, with 61% of the Reichstag's deputies in all, had been in office for two years. Although they had succeeded in passing the Young Plan of 1929, the coalition was divided over what action to take in response to the Wall Street Crash and resulting depression. The Socialist SPD

The Fall of the Weimar Republic

822 words - 3 pages Fall of the Weimar Republic>> 1) Background> * The fall of the Weimar Republic goes hand in hand with the> rise of Hitler and the Nazi regime> * The Weimar Republic came into existence after WWI and> promised to give democracy, freedom of speech, return to the 8-hour> workday, and improvements in social security.> * The more power Hitler got, the closer he got to becoming a> complete dictator which would obviously put

The Failure of the Weimar Republic

2064 words - 8 pages The Failure of the Weimar Republic The Weimar Republic survived to years of greater internal peace from the mid-1920s, when the political problems were covered, until exposure by the economic and political crises of 1929, Hitler’s appointment as German Chancellor in 1933 was more or less the most important event of the 20th century. The most direct causes for the collapse of the first German democracy must be

The Fall of the Weimar Republic

1412 words - 6 pages ultimately lead Germany into a totalitarian state that would further shake the world with the rise of the NSDAP and Adolf Hitler. First, the defeat of WWI was not just the beginning of the Weimar Republic but could be considered a catalyst to its downfall as well. During the later stages of WWI German citizens really felt the burden and dissatisfaction of the war. During this time there were vast food shortages, really low wages, while

The Culture of the Weimar Republic

607 words - 2 pages The Weimar Republic was struggling with lots of political problems, so it had to take the culture seriously, if it did not want it to be forgotten by their own society. The most productive city in arts and sciences in the 1920s was Berlin - the capital of the Republic. At this time German artists made important cultural contributions in making new movies. American movies became popular in Germany because the stories were simple, there were lots

Structural Problem of the Weimar Republic

1448 words - 6 pages On January 1933 Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Weimar Republic in Germany, six months later he consolidated power and became dictator. What follows is an account of the steps Hitler took to consolidate power. On February 27th 1933 The Reichstag, the parliamentary building in Germany is burned to the ground by arsons. A Dutch Communist by the name of van der Lubbe is caught in the act. In addition to this two other suspects with Communist

Rise of the Roman Republic

987 words - 4 pages RISE OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Rome became a powerful empire engulfing much of Europe, North Africa, and parts of Asia and what seemed like this great entity called the Romans were always in the search of more territory and land to conquer and assimilate into their ever growing vast empire. However, this was not always the case, before Rome became one of the greatest empires in all of history, Rome was a republic

The Weimar Republic

856 words - 3 pages Germany. This is exactly what I want. Good point backed up by great evidence.The Weimar Republic had many political problems. The politicians were constantly in conflict and could not agree on anything. Example? The main reason for this was that there were so many parties in the coalition government, and all of them had a separate viewpoint and agenda."Elections are held while unemployment is around 3 million. The Nazis make sweeping gains and

The Weimar Republic

854 words - 3 pages The Weimar Republic The Weimar Republic was created in Germany in 1918 as a result of widespread socialist unrest. A liberal constitution was drawn up in 1919. There was extensive instability in Germany around this time. The Weimar government had trouble pleasing right and left wing parties because, at this time, Germany was very polarised politically. Hitler dissolved the republic in 1933. But was it doomed from it's

Reasons for the Failure of the Weimar Republic

1234 words - 5 pages majority of the seats in Parliament in the two 1932 elections. On the other hand, Hitler was appointed Reichskanzler at a time where support for the "movement" had proven not to be sufficient to gain power. Two main reasons for the collapse are: Economic problems and Institutional problems. Firstly, I will talk about economic problems. The Weimar Republic had some of the most serious economic problems ever experienced by a

Similar Essays

Collapse Of The Weimar Republic Essay

1555 words - 6 pages Collapse of the Weimar Republic “On 2 August 1934, President Hindenburg died. Within an hour of his death Hitler announced that the offices of chancellor and president were to be combined and that he was the new head of state. Hitler’s adolescent dream of becoming Fuhrer of the German people had been realized” President Hindenburg’s death marked the official end of the Weimar Republic, a democratic ‘experiment’ that had lasted since

The Collapse Of The Weimar Republic

835 words - 3 pages The Collapse of the Weimar Republic There are a various number of reasons for the downfall of the Weimar republic and the establishment of the one party rule, including Hitler's appeal, however it was his consolidation of power 1933-1934 which was largely responsible for the collapse of the Weimar regime. Factors such as the Enabling Act of 1933, the Reichstag fire, the use of the SA, and the banning of all

Weimar Republic The Weimar Republic Was An Overall Failure And Created The Right Social, Political And Economic Conditions For The Rise Of Extremist Groups Like The Nazi Party

1540 words - 7 pages failure and did create the right social, political and economic conditions for the rise of extremist parties like the Nazis. The basic lack of support for the Weimar republic among the German people, the unstable economy, the depression of 1929, the unresolved defeat of 1918 and the forced struggle against the activities of the Nazi like revolts and protests, and also the Nazis party overall presentations to the public, all contributed to the failure of the Weimar republic resulting in the rise of the Nazis

To What Extent Did Economic Problems Contribute To The Collapse Of The Weimar Republic?

1859 words - 7 pages The collapse of the Weimar Republic can not be seen as solely indebted to the severe economic problems faced during the period of its rule, but consequently it was the economic issues that became a footstep to the ultimate demise of the Republic. Subsequent to Germany’s defeat in the First World War and German Emperor Kaiser’s abdication from power, the Weimar Republic was proclaimed. The Republic that had emerged from the German Revolution of