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Collapse By Jared Diamond Essay

893 words - 4 pages

In this work, Jared Diamond explained how civilizations or societies amongst the world developed faster than others during the same period of time. His main focus was the Europeans; they were the dominant society and were known for their advanced technology.
The book starts off with the author, Jared who gives us a brief discussion about pre-history and life 13,000 years after the last Ice Age. As a biologist he studied the evolution of birds on the tropical island of New Guinean where he met a local politician named Yali. Yali quizzed him and asked him a question that was very difficult to answer. This question was the main focus of Jared’s book, “Why were white people more successful and ...view middle of the document...

They used plants to create medicine and immediately began to trade with Africa and the Americas.
Jared Diamond’s book, Collapse: How Societies choose to fail or Survive held the #2 spot on the New York Times best seller list and it was basically the complete opposite of Guns, Germs, and steel: The Fate of Human Societies. According to Joseph Pat, this book made him a literary superstar. In this work, Jared Diamond answers or give his opinion on what causes societies and civilizations to collapse which literally means breakdown. According to MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History, they believed that warfare was the reason societies collapsed. He studied some of the following civilizations such as the: Easter Islanders, the Anasazi in the Southwestern United States, the Mayans in Central America, the Norse Vinland settlement in Greenland, Haiti, and Rwanda. (Diamond, Collapse, p.1-20) Over the years after studying past collapses, he discovered five factors or reasons that could cause those civilizations to collapse. Here are the five factors: environmental damage, climate change, hostile neighbors, friendly neighbors, and the way the society responds to the environmental damage. The first four factors may not contribute to every society but Diamond states that the fifth factor applies to all. For example, the Eastern Islanders cut all there trees down which resulted in less food production and had no wood to build ships to travel. (Diamond, Collapse, p. 132-174) The islanders lost a lot of land due to erosion, but it didn’t take them long to realize it. They finally understood what was going on and started preserving the...

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