Collectivisation And Industrialisation In Stalinist Russia

894 words - 4 pages

Collectivisation and industrialisation did produce positive changes for Soviet society up to 1914. Due to collectivisation and industrialisation, both the proletariats and the peasantry did receive benefits. Furthermore, collectivisation and industrialisation also increased the education of the population. However, collectivisation and industrialisation also brought in violent coercive methods to increase productivity. Furthermore it created a period of terror especially during the Shakthy Trials of 1929. Furthermore, by 1941, the living standards of the Soviet population had diminished.Due to collectivisation and industrialisation, education amongst the peasantry and proletariats improved. According to Nove, Stalin believed that in order to build a modernised economy an educated work force was necessary for success. Stalin famously announced that, the Soviet Union was a fifty to a hundred years behind other capitalist nations. Nove believed that in order for Stalin to reduce this gap, compulsory education was introduced as a policy to modernise for the future. Duetscher further goes onto say, by 1934 the literacy rate of Russia was 82% which was a vast improvement of 55% in the early 1920’s. Educating the workforce meant that the peasantry and proletariat could work in the intelligentsia which was vital for the modernisation of the Soviet. Due to collectivisation and industrialisation, the positive change of increased education occurred.Furthermore, collectivisation and industrialisation brought with it benefits for the population if productivity ratios were good. Nove points out that the period was beneficial to some especially the Stakhanov miners who exceeded the arbitrarily set productivity quota and due to this, received many benefits such as better housing, better consumer goods and received other health benefits. Westwood further goes onto say that the benefits received by the workers and the peasantry gave them an incentive to increase their productivity. However at the same time, McCauley argues that the benefits went against the socialist belief as it just widened the wage differential gap. With collectivisation after 1933, Stalin allowed small private plots to be used by the peasantry. This resulted in a positive change for the peasantry as they could grow their own grain. Due to collectivisation and industrialisation, the proletariats and peasantry enjoyed many benefits if they exceeded their productivity quota.However on the other hand, collectivisation and industrialisation also brought with it a new form of coercive machinery to increase productivity rates. In industrialisation after 1934, workers would lose their health or maternity rights for six months if they were late to work. According to Westwood, their was a consistent pressure for workers to increase productivity as Stalin reduced the terms of the Five Year Plan. The working conditions according to Nove were often poor and the sleeping and health conditions were even...

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