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Colombia Essay

653 words - 3 pages

ClimateThe climate, however, varies with the elevation. The low regionsalong the coast and the deep Patía and Magdalena river valleys aretorrid, with mean annual temperatures of 75° to 80° F. From about1500 to 7500 ft the climate is subtropical, and from about 7500 to10,000 ft it is temperate. Above about 10,000 ft is the cold-climatezone, where temperatures range from 0° to 55° F. The averageJanuary and July temperatures in Bogotá are 58° F and 57° F,respectively. The averages for the same months in Barranquilla are80° F and 82° F. Throughout the year, three-month periods of rainand dry weather alternate. Along the Pacific coast precipitation isheavy. At Bogotá the annual rainfall ...view middle of the document...

Land AreaThe total land area of the country is 440,831 sq. mi. The capitaland largest city is Bogota.Population Characteristics, Religion, andLanguageThe population of Colombia (1993 estimate) was 34,942,767,giving the country an overall population density of about 79 persq. mi. About 95 percent of the people are Roman Catholics.Small Protestant and Jewish minorities exist. The officiallanguage of Colombia is Spanish. The racial makeup of theColombian population is diversified. About half the people aremestizo (of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry), about20 percent are of unmixed European ancestry, and about 14percent are mulatto (of mixed black and white ancestry). Theremaining 8 percent is made up of blacks, Native Americans, andpeople of mixed race.HistoryIn 1538 Spanish conquistadors founded New Granada. In 1717Bogota became the capital of the Viceroyalty of New Granadawhich consisted of present-day Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, andVenezuela. In 1819 Simon Bolivar defeated Spanish troops nearBogota and became the first president of the new republic of GranColombia.CurrencyThe basic unit of currency is the Colombian peso (829 pesos equalU.S.$1; 1994).Natural ResourcesThe mineral resources of the country are varied and extensive.Colombia is the major world source of emeralds. Other significantreserves include petroleum and natural gas, coal, gold, silver, ironore, salt, platinum, and some uranium.Compulsive Age Of EducationThere isn't a standard age for the beginning of education for theColombian child. All that is required is five years of education foreach student. 85% of all Colombian children over age 15 can readand write. To make a comparison, in the United States schoolingbegins at age 5 and is mandatory to age 16.

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