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Colombia Essay

955 words - 4 pages

Colombia Colombia's conventional long form name is The Republic of Colombia. It has a republic government, with the executive branch running the government structure. The capital is Bogota. They received independence from Spain on July 10, 1810 and that is it's national holiday also. The constitution was made up in July 5, 1991. It is a country in South America. Colombia was one of three countries to emerge from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830. The other two were Venezuela and Ecuador. After a 40 year insurgent campaign to overthrow the government escalated in the 1990's, getting funded from the drug trades. Fighting and violence has been breaking out and has made neighboring ...view middle of the document...

Colombia's population as of July 2000 is 39,685, 655. People ages 0-14 made up 32%, ages 15-64 made up 63%, and ages 65 years and up made up 5%. The population growth rate is rising at 1.68%. The birth rate is at 22.85 births/1,000 population. The death rate is at 5.73 deaths/1,000 people. The migration rate has gone down in the past years though. The life expectancy for the country is at 70.28 years, for males it is at 66.43 years, and for females it is at 74.27 years. The ethnic groups that make up Colombia are: mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, and Amerindian 1%. The main religion is Roman Catholic at 90% of the population. All of Colombia speaks Spanish. Colombia's economy is poised for moderate growth in the next several years, marking an end to the severe 1999 recession. President Pastrana has put together a well-respected economic team, which is taking steps to make sure the recovery is successful. The inflation rate in Colombia is at 9.2% as of 1999. Some of the bad news is that the unemployment rate has reached a new high at 20%. Some of the industries are textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement, gold, coal, and emeralds. The main agriculture products are coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, and vegetables. The country has export partners such as the U.S., Japan, and Europe. The commodities are petroleum, coffee, coal, gold, bananas, and cut flowers. The import partners are the U.S., Japan, and Europe also. Its commodities are industrial equipment, consumer goods, chemicals, paper products,...

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