This essay will be about a comparative study of the representation of colonialism as a positive or negative force. The texts that are being used are my core text ‘Heart of Darkness’ by Joseph Conrad and ‘Collected Poems’ by Rudyard Kipling. The partner text will be ‘Swami and Friends’ by R. K. Narayan.
‘Heart of Darkness’ by Joseph Conrad was written in 1902 at the turn of the century. It is a novella and published in 3 parts in the Blackwood’s Magazine. It is regarded as a significant work of English literature and is part of the Western Cannon. The work was well received by a fairly bewildered Victorian Audience. Joseph Conrad born Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski was Polish-born. Conrad had become a naturalized British Citizen although he could not speak fluent English until he was in his twenties. Conrad had served in the British marines for over 10 years had travelled to Africa, which meant that he had experience what he was writing about. Conrad was actually sent up the Congo River to an inner station to rescue an agent as did Marlow in ‘Hear of Darkness’. The novella is somewhat representative of Conrad’s own experiences.
‘Collected Poems of Rudyard Kipling’. Kipling born on 30 December 1865 and died 18 January 1936 was a British author and poet. Born in Bombay, in British India he is well known for his works of fiction The Jungle Book (1894) and his poems, including Mandalay (1890), Gunga Din (1890), and If (1910). Kipling came to be recognized by George Orwell as a "prophet of British imperialism."(1) Orwell statement show Kipling as a literature Genious. The poems that will be discussed in this essay are from a Selected Poems by Rudyard Kipling are ‘Mandalay’, ‘This is England’, ‘Gunga Din’ and ‘The White Man’s Burden’.
‘Swami and Friends’ was by R. K. Narayan was first published in 1935. Narayan was born on the October 10, 1906 and died on the May 13, 2001, shortened from Rasipuram Krishnaswami Iyer Narayanaswami was an Indian author whose works of fiction include a series of books about people and their interactions in an imagined town in India. He is one of three leading figures of early Indian literature in English. Hilary Mantel says, "At the heart of Narayan's achievement is this: he respects his characters, respects their created natures. This is why he can make jokes about them and stay friends with them."(2)
In ‘Heart of Darkness’, the main theme that runs through-out is the hypocrisy of imperialism. It explores imperialism and surrounding issue in complex ways, while Marlow is moving up the river he encounters sights such as slavery and torture to the natives. The men who work for the Company describe what they do as “trade,” and their conduct of native Africans is part of a compassionate project of “civilization.” However Kurtz realises the fact that it is not trade but he is taking the ivory by force and dies not hid behind this fact. While Heart of Darkness offers an influential blame of the hypocritical operations...