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Colonies Dbq Essay

1141 words - 5 pages

England's burning desire to spread it's territorial boundaries, primogeniture, and it's lack of natural resources and living space led to the English colonization of America. The New England and Chesapeake region colonies were both founded in hopes of a new life, but each for a different kind of new life. Although both colonies were technically under English rule, they developed into, in most senses of the world, contrasting colonies.The Chesapeake colony was founded mainly for the three g's"”gold, God, and glory. Settlers wished to become wealthy quick and live like kings (Doc F). Many people who came to the Chesapeake region were indentured servants. Most of these servants were young males in their twenties, some of them the result of primogeniture. Very few females came to this area and if they did they were very rarely married or with children (Doc C). The few people who were not indentured servants were members of the select aristocratic families that seemed to have a stronghold upon the life in the Chesapeake region.On quite a different note, the New England colony was founded out of the desire to be able to practice religion, no matter what genre it was, freely. The tragic irony of this situation is that the puritans that came to New England wishing to escape religious persecution began persecuting those who did not follow their system of beliefs. Families flooded the boats on their way to the "city upon the hill," the religious community that was supposed to be a model for all society, some of them looking for precious land that was so scarce in their mother country of England (Doc A). Emigrants into the new country consisted mainly of whole families of middle aged people. They could be perceived as wealthy, for they brought along servants since the often planned on staying in the new land (Doc B).The dominating religion of the Chesapeake colony was that of the Anglican Church. Although this was the most widespread religion, any religion was accepted in this area. People who sought to truly practice religion freely without being governed or prosecuted by the English government or the new colony were better off in the Chesapeake colony. The whole colony in New England was based upon religious expectations and traditions. The stifling, puritan religious atmosphere would suffocate those of a different religion. Religious freedom was a charming idea but was not widely practiced here.Next, the economies of these two areas differed greatly. In the New England area, they planted crops upon arrival, preparing for a home life. Since most of the settlers in this area were families, they had to grow food for more than just one or two people. Many of the older male settlers in the area were skilled in a certain craft"”such as shoemaking or iron working, both of which were illegal. Commerce and trade became very popular in this area since most people lived on family-run farms. In the Chesapeake area, they rushed to search for gold,...

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