In 1492, Christopher Columbus sailed his first voyage to the Americans and launched the beginning of contact between the Eastern and Western hemispheres, which the historian Alfred Crosby named the beginning of the new modern era of world history as “the Columbian Exchange”. This exchange was a considerably widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations involving slaves, communicable diseases, and ideas between the Old and New Worlds. The exchange of plants and animals changed the ways of life for the Europeans, Americans, Africans, and Asians allowing the areas to circulate a wide variety of new crops and livestock which supported increases in population in their regions. The Columbian Exchange was one of the most significant events in the history of world ecology, agriculture, and culture.
Jay’s Treaty was a treaty between the United States and Great Britain concluded in 1794, to settle difficulties arising mainly out of violation of the Treaty of Paris of 1783 and to regulate commerce and navigation. Jay’s Treaty increased trade between the countries and averted another war. Additionally it achieved the primary goals, which included the withdrawal of units of the British Army from the American Revolutionary forts that it had failed to relinquish in the Northwest Territory of the United States. The treaty recognized the sovereignty of the Iroquois, leaving them with their own identity and preventing war with England.
During the Continental Congress of 1787, the United States proposed for the states equal representation in the Senate and representation in the House based on population by the agreement called the “Great Compromise”. The Great Compromise determined the government plan for the United States and was a compromise between the Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan. This allowed for a creation of a strong national government as well as maintaining an important role for the states.
During the eighteenth century, the Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of people from Africa were transported from Africa to North America, South America, and the Caribbean, as part of the Atlantic slave trade. Commercial goods from Europe were shipped to Africa for sale and trade for enslaved Africans. Slaves were treated more like animals than humans; some even died.
A group of slaves gathered on the banks of the Stono River in South Carolina, made their way to the Hutchinson’s General Store and killed the two storekeepers, raided the firearms, and headed south to St. Augustine, Florida killing people along the way. This became known as the “Stono Rebellion”. The slaves were informed that Spanish had spread the message that slaves would be free in Florida and land would be given to them. As a result of the Stono Rebellion, greater slave restrictions were put into place.