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Columbian Exchange Essay

927 words - 4 pages

Columbian Exchange Essay
Starting in the 13th century, many countries were running out of room for their growing populations, and out of patience for one another. Many Europeans were getting almost cramped in their countries, and with no room to expand to the East, they decided to try and expand elsewhere. The spirit of adventure fueled their travels, with many explorers wanting to learn more about the world and what the endless possibilities could be if they were to find what was unknown to them at the time. The Columbian Exchange was one exploration that forever changed civilizations in the New World of the Americas and in the Old World in Europe. While some aspects of the exchange may ...view middle of the document...

These new technologies and techniques made exploration easier leading to an inevitable greater exchange between more civilizations.
Due this new ability to explore, Europeans were much more open to trade between the New and Old World. Neither side of the Atlantic had exactly the same types of crops as the other, greatly helping each other in trade. When they went to the New World in hopes of growing some crops, Columbus and his followers brought wheat, barley, rye, sugar, bananas, and more. In some of the new civilizations, new crops that had been brought over became the support of their economies, such as “After 1640, sugar became the backbone of the Caribbean and Brazilian economies.” (Source Two) New crops helped both the Native American and European civilizations in the Americas and in Europe. In the Americas, Natives were able to help explorers survive by teaching them how to grow some of the crops that were new to the foreigners at the time. These new crops supported the Europeans and their slave systems as they progresses in their New World development. But in Europe as well, crops such as the potato improved the food supplies and promoted population growth in Europe and Asia. It is said that “the introduction of new crops… to the Americas upset the region’s biological, economic, and social balance…” (Source Two) but it actually helped all three by helping introduce the civilizations to new crops that could better their ways of life. As a whole, the crop trade in the Columbian Exchange greatly helped both sides.
While crops were of course an important part of the Exchange, animals were also a large part of the trade that helped both sides. The Native Americans were more greatly...

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