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Columbus, The Indians, And Human Progress

729 words - 3 pages

In this chapter Howard Zinn gives countless events on the different encounters from Columbus to Corte’s, Pizarro and the Puritans against the Indians such as the Arawaks, Aztecs, Powhatans and the Pequots. Zinn goes into great details on the horrific attacks and raids by Columbus and his crew sailing from island to island in the Caribbean taking the Indians captive in search for land, gold and slaves. Some of the Indians fled when they heard what Columbus and his men were doing. But when they were caught they were hunted down with dogs, burned to death or they were hung and killed. Because of the inhumane treatment some of the Arawaks began a mass suicide with cassava poison they also killed their infants just to keep them from the hands of the Spaniards. This chapter gives historical events due to the raids by Columbus that in a two year span about half of the 250,000 Indians in Haiti were dead because they were murdered, mutilated or committed suicide. The Indians were demoralized and treated so crudely over the claim to their land and the search for gold. When there was no gold many of the Indians were taken as slave laborers. The men were forced to work in mines splitting rocks, moving stones and carrying dirt on their backs to wash in the rivers with their backs bent steadily until it breaks them. They also had to dig for gold to be melted, and the wives were left to attend to the fields. Many of the women were unable to take care of their children; more than 7000 children died because of lack of food and some were drowned. Some of them were forced to carry the Spaniards in hammocks or on their backs especially if they were in a rush to get somewhere. They were forced to carry large leaves to provide shade for them from the sun. They would kill them for no reasons sometimes just to see how sharp their knives were. In this chapter Las Casa tells how “two of these so called Christians met two Indian boys one day, each carrying a parrot; they took the parrot they took the parrots and...

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