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Comanche Culture Essay

1695 words - 7 pages

The Comanche are a very unique tribe. Their history and culture is a very interesting topic and cant even come close to being explained in just one five page report. Here I have written as much information about the Comanche warfare culture and how they lived their daily lives as I could. It talks about their early culture and how they came about.After they entered the northern plains as part of the Eastern Shoshoni around 1500, the people who would become the Comanche lived along the upper reaches of the Platte River in southeastern Wyoming ranging between the foothills of the Rocky Mountains and the Black Hills. They got their first horses around 1680 and it changed dramatically within a few years. Groups of Comanche separated from the Shoshoni and began to move south in about 1700. After forming an alliance with the Ute, they occupied the central plains of eastern Colorado and western Kansas between the Platte and Arkansas Rivers and began to drive the Plains Apache from the area. Their first European contact is commonly believed to have been in New Mexico around 1700 when they visited a trade fair in Taos in the company of some Ute. Although this meeting is undocumented, the Comanche were definitely known to the Spanish in New Mexico by 1706.Beginning in the 1740s they began crossing the Arkansas River and established themselves on margins of the Llano Estacado, which extended from western Oklahoma across the Texas Panhandle into New Mexico. The area they controlled became known as Comancheria and extended south from the Arkansas River across central Texas to the vicinity of San Antonio including the entire Edwards Plateau west to the Pecos River and then north again following the foothills of the Rocky Mountains to the Arkansas.Comanche herds also supplied Americans with mules for the southern cotton plantations and horses used to reach California during the 1849 gold rush. For this reason, the Comanche were probably the most important tribe of the Great Plains. In spite of this, they have become something of a historical orphan. Texans do not like to talk about them because of the painful memories.Their name has become synonymous with the stereotypical image of the "wild Indian." In some ways their reputation is deserved. Comanche stole just about every horse and mule in New Mexico and northern Mexico and put a good source of horse and mule in Texas. They captured women and children from rival tribes and sold them to the Spanish in New Mexico as 'servants.' During the 1800s they expanded into stealing thousands of cattle from Texas herds to sell in New Mexico.One of the Comanche specialties was the horse. The Comanche got their first horses, probably from the Ute. The Comanche are believed to have been the first native people on the plains to utilize the horse extensively. Besides its mobility, buffalo were easy to hunt, and mounted warriors enjoyed a tremendous advantage in warfare. The Comanche did not waste time on nonsense such as...

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