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Commidifcation Of The Clone. Essay

3875 words - 16 pages

For centuries a battle has been waged between religious theologians/organizations and scientists to answer the question, does religion have a place in science? Human genetic cloning is a very controversial topic and one that can not find resolve until a consistent continuum between the disciplines has been reached. Religious organizations believe that cloning is not a justified means to an end and scientists believe that natural evolution of science encompasses the cloning technology.Cloning can be seen as a reproductive alternative. A human cell from an adult or a child is obtained and harvested. Every cell in the body contains all the genetic information of that person for example their hair colour or blood type. When the extracted viable cell has grown to a certain size it is ready for implantation. Fertilization is not needed, for the cell already contains two sets of chromosomes. This cell is then implanted into the uterus of a woman and the child is carried to term and born as any other child. When the child who is born by the cloning technique ages, they will have the same phenotype as the original donor.There are many controversial issues regarding human cloning and this controversy increases when religion is included in the discussion. Using Orthodox Christianity, in this paper I will show that due to the nature of our consumerist society, human genetic cloning will result in the commodification of the cloned products, the children. First, I will explore the question of ownership of our genes and of the cloned genome itself. Secondly, I will present the issue of who (married, single men or women or government agencies) will be able to gain access to this cloning technology. Thirdly, I will discuss the fear of unjustly exploiting cloned beings as a means to an end. Lastly, I will address the question of whether religion has a place in science.Religions diverge on many topics; however one common thread unites each religion. They have a strong set of values, beliefs and views of ethical conduct. Orthodox Christians believe that human beings are made in the image of God (imago Dei) (Genesis 1: 26-28). They also hold the belief that human beings were made by God for celestial purposes. Cloning technology violates this central thought in Christianity because they believe that "Cloning creates human beings for human rather than divine purposes and thereby is a form of disrespect [to God]" (Campbell D-32). Audrey Chapman in her article Genetic Engineering and Theology, states her concern of creating life by classifying scientists as "God's 'co-creator,' 'created co-creators,' partner, or co-laborer" (73). The lingering question is whether human beings should be allowed the ability to create life. As Campbell states,"...although creation is 'good' and human beings are 'very good,' over the course of history, humans have displayed an irremediable propensity to use their divinely authorized dominion for unauthorized domination, to violate their...

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