This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Suicide By Emile Durkheim Essay

1176 words - 5 pages

SUICIDE- EMILE DURKHEIM:INTRODUCTION 100%David Emile Durkheim is a French sociologist and a philosopher. He is known as the "founding father" of sociology. Over a century ago he presented a book on systematic sociological theory of suicide called Suicide: a study in sociology. He split it into three parts- one: extra-social factors, two: social causes and social types and third: general nature of suicide as a social phenomenon. The most significant part is the second part that explains his theories of the different types as well as the social causes of suicide.AIM:Durkheim's aim was to establish sociology as an independent scientific discipline with the distinctive subject matter of social life. Through his analysis he hoped to establish that society influences highly personal acts such as suicide. Durkheim's primary interest was in the nature of social bonds and the basis of solidarity in society. In his classic work, The Division of Labor in Society, he identified two major sources of coherence: (a) mechanical solidarity was achieved by persons holding common norms and values, and (b) organic solidarity which resulted from the interdependence created by the division of labor in society. Initially Durkheim contemplated suicide as a manifestation of the lack of social togetherness since it represented extreme alienation from society. By carefully scrutinizing forces that weakened social bonds, he believed, that the foundation of social solidarity could be identified.Durkheim wanted to establish through his book not only the sociology of suicide but also the fact that society in general impacts highly personal acts such as suicide. He believed that social facts compel individuals of the society to behave in certain ways. Thus suicide was not merely an individual act but a by product of social forces external to the individual.Durkheim also believed that his study on suicide provided the evidence to support his views on methodology outlined two years earlier in The rules of sociological method. He thus also wanted to establish that social phenomena obey laws in the same way as natural phenomena.SUICIDE: DURKHEIM 96%Habitually suicide is defined as the act of intentionally killing oneself, the reason for which is subjective and thus is different for different individuals. Hence suicide is regarded as a highly personal act rooted in the temperament and problems of the individual. According to Durkheim, 'social facts' must be studied as 'things' which: (a) have a reality exterior to the individual, that is, act upon them as an external stimuli, (b) restrain an individual's actions, and (c) must be accounted for by other social facts, that is, cannot be defined by the mannerisms of individuals. What Durkheim suggested was a quality of thought in approaching the study of social phenomena. Not every suicide was socially caused. The aim of sociological theory of suicide is to account for the dissimilarities in suicide rates between different groups which...

Find Another Essay On suicide by emile durkheim

Title: Critically assess the concepts used by Emile Durkheim in his analysis of the social changes caused by rapid industrialization and modernization

2098 words - 8 pages unreligious and insatiable, indefinitely seeking material satisfaction; the sense of social duty will be eroded while egoism and individualism peak. In his work Suicide (1897), Durkheim tries to prove this by giving detailed statistics and illustrations of climbing suicide rates, a social fact which he believed to be the outcome of industrialization. The high rates of Egoistic suicide and Anomic suicide during the period of industrialization were

The Division of Labour in Society by Emile Durkheim

2143 words - 9 pages Lucrarea lui Emil Durkheim 'Diviziunea muncii sociale' debuteaza prin incercarea de a defini acest concept. Pentru inceput autorul considera ca din moment ce diviziunea muncii mareste capacitatea productiva si abilitatile muncitorilor, ea reprezinta conditia necesara pentru dezvoltarea intelectuala si materiala a societatilor. O alta functie a sa se refera la carcaterul moral deoarece creeaza un sentiment de solidaritate intre doi sau mai multi

The Theories of Emile Durkkheim

1410 words - 6 pages functionalism as an approach of studying social and cultural phenomena as a set of interdependent parts” (Thompson, 2002). His only concern was “defying the conditions of existence of a society that respected the individual and evolving the models of the kind of school and teaching that would make such conditions possible” (The Biography of Emile Durkheim, 2000). Durkheim was influence greatly by the readings of Comte and Saint Simon. Their ideas of

The Life of Emile Durkheim

1521 words - 6 pages Emile Durkheim was French sociologist. He was born on April 15, 1858 in Epinal, France. Epinal is located in the Eastern French Province, Lorraine. His father, Moise was the Chief Rabbi of Epinal, Vosges, and Haute-Marne, while his mother, Melanie, worked as an embroiderer. Durkheim was the youngest of their four surviving children. Durkheim’s great-grandfather, grandfather, and father were all Jewish rabbis. He was expected to

Emile Durkheim

980 words - 4 pages name within his presence. Durkhein succumbed to stroke, and died in Paris, in 1917. Emile Durkheim is considered by many to be the father of sociology. During his lifetime he was wrote many publications on social sciences and human behavior. He is credited with establishing sociology as a discipline. Through his major publication Suicide: A Study on Sociology, he revolutionized the way we look at and analyze suicide. He sought to identify links between religions in different cultures, and understand the social aspect of religion beyond the concepts of the supernatural, and God.

The Division of Labor in Society by Emily Durkheim

718 words - 3 pages differing suicide rates among Protestants and Catholics, and argued that stronger social control among Catholics results in lower suicide rates. In 1912, Durkheim published his last major work, The Elementary Forms of The Religious Life. This book analyzes religion, through the lens of a social phenomenon. By being a pioneer in the field of sociology Emile Durkheim opened the door for other sociologists to build upon his ideas. The modern day

The Contributions of Emile Durkheim

2386 words - 10 pages Sociology is the study of the structure of groups, organizations, and societies, and how individuals interact within these environments. Sociology at one time was not a respectable or well-known field of study until Emile Durkheim, a college professor, made sociology a part of the French college curriculum. Durkheim is regarded as one of the founders of sociology. He introduced sociology as a branch of learning separate from other sciences by

I hate them

2125 words - 9 pages to a community and has no experience of it, they are more likely to commit egoistic suicide, which Durkheim stated as a decrease in social integration (Nelson 2013b). The second form was altruistic suicide, which occurs because a person feels overwhelmed by the pressures of society, if the community has beliefs that lead to his death or if the person must commit suicide in order to benefit the society (Nelson 2013b). The third form of suicide is

Emile Durkheim, the Father of Sociology

2473 words - 10 pages out. The society was run by religion and they did not question it. A Frenchman came out with studies that showed societies were strong and could become things that people would have never imagined. He proved that within society there were numerous groups and he could pinpoint their behavior and roles in any given society, and the people were in awe. Finally, the people were opening up to the ideals of how a society could be. Without Emile Durkheim

Emile Durheim

6363 words - 25 pages to show Durkheims Sociology as the scientific study of social facts. We shall look at Durkheim conception of Sociology, what Durkheim means by social facts, and how he uses social fact in explaining suicide. This work is not a critique of Durkheims Sociology, but we shall no doubt disagree with Durkheim where necessary. First, I think it is of fundamental importance to start by saying a few things about the man Emile Durkheim, though

How Society Can Be Both Internal and External to Human Beings

1361 words - 5 pages to the child. This discussion leads us to the work of Emile Durkheim, specifically, his work with the socially confusing subject of suicide. Durkheim conducted an extensive study on suicide based on the hypothesis that suicide rates increase as the degree of social unity and regulation of the individual by the group decreases. Let's examine this more closely. Durkheim believed that the explanation of suicide as an individual act was inadequate

Similar Essays

Emile Durkheim´S Four Forms Of Suicide

2001 words - 9 pages Emile Durkheim was a French theorist who focused on different aspects of human beings including suicide. He came up with four different forms of suicide which are: egoistic, altruistic, anomic, and fatalistic. He states that suicide is always the act of a person who would much rather choose death over life, but what makes each form of suicide different is what leads the person to want to take their life (Applerouth 133). It does not seem

Intergration Into Social Life And Suicide "An Emile Durkheim View Piont"

2192 words - 9 pages This paper will try to put explanation to the thesis of Emile Durkheim 'that one is less likely to commit suicide the more one is drawn into or integrated within social life'. Durkheim completed his work on suicide in 1895 in the a case study called 'Le Suicide', with this Durkheim was to have written one of the most influential texts in sociology history. Durkheim saw society as more than just individuals who constitute that society, believing

The Role Of Education In Society As Discussed By Emile Durkheim, Pierre Bourdieu, And John W. Meyer

571 words - 2 pages Theorists have long discussed the value of education in society as evidenced by the writings of Emile Durkheim, Pierre Bourdieu, and more recently John W. Meyer. Emile Durkheim believed in the theory of structural functionalism and its ability to provide social order. Durkheim felt institutions were a social fact that made the machine of society work in an orderly fashion. Education, being an institution has a standard set of rules accepted

Durkheim Said 'explain One Social Fact By Another'. Did He In His Study Of Suicide

2343 words - 10 pages which was used to explain the solar system used this same principle but in the field of Physics.Durkheim applied the idea that one can "explain one social fact by another" in his book "suicide" Concluding that, "suicide varies inversely with the degree of social integration." In other word the "facts" of "social integration" can be used to explain the phenomena of suicide. In this essay I will investigate how Durkheim arrived at this conclusion