Communicable Disease Essay

1506 words - 7 pages

There are hundreds and thousands of communicable diseases that affect children in life each and every day. Some disease are deadly and some are not. Some of them have been slowed down or controlled by vaccines and modern technology. Although some are being controlled others resist drug treatments. Theses are the types of diseases that become difficult to cure and can kill a child. It is difficult to prevent children from catching the spread of communicable diseases because of how easily some are able to spread, because it is just part of our everyday life and because children are always around objects and things that are highly contagious. For example in daycare or schools, they have toys ...view middle of the document...

Communicable diseases causes many illnesses like chickenpox, influenza and measles to children.
Communicable diseases can cause chickenpox to children. Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease that spreads very easily. Children under the age of ten are most likely to get chickenpox because they are so young and have weak immune systems. Chickenpox is caused by the Varicella-Zoster virus. Wayne E Anderson from College of Osteopathic Medicine claimed that chickenpox follows initial exposure to the virus (parag.1). It forms small, itchy, red blisters surrounded by inflamed skin all over the body. These complications include bacterial infections of skin blisters, pneumonia, and encephalitis (Department of Health, parag.2). According to Centers for Disease and Prevention, Chickenpox spreads in the air through coughing or sneezing (parag.1). It can also be spread by touching or breathing in the virus particles that come from chickenpox blisters. The virus easily spreads from people with chickenpox to others who have never had the disease or were given the chickenpox vaccine. When a contaminated person coughs or sneezes in the air the Varicella-Zoster virus spreads and can infect someone else. Anyone who catches the disease may then begin to develop chickenpox. Chickenpox usually heals by itself by the blisters pooping and fading away. To prevent the chickenpox children are given the chickenpox vaccine. "Each year, more than 3.5 million cases of varicella, 9,000 hospitalizations, and 100 deaths are prevented by varicella vaccination in the United States."
De La Cruz 3
stated by Centers for Disease and Control Prevention. This shows that the vaccine does help prevent the chickenpox from affecting children. After a child gets chickenpox, they are less likely to ever get it again but the varicella-zoster virus does stay in your body. Communicable diseases can cause chickenpox to children but does cure by itself and usually takes about 2-3 weeks to heal.
Communicable diseases can cause influenza to children. Influenza is another highly contagious virus infection of the respiratory tract. Influenza and its complications can be deadly (Mayoclinic, parag. 2). It is caused by the Influenza A and B virus. Children are also more likely to get this virus because of their weak immune systems because they are still developing. Children with influenza often get high fevers, dry coughs and sore throat, chills and shakes, stomach pain and diarrhea. Influenza can become very severe in a child. Canadian Pediatric Society states that the virus can cause seizures, the child can become confused and they may begin to struggle when breathing (parag.4). Children catch the virus by inhaling droplets nuclei from respiratory secretions of a person infected with the influenza virus (Clinicalkey, parag.3). Dekalb County...

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