Communication establishes relationships and makes organizing possible. Every message has a purpose or objective. The sender intends -- whether consciously or unconsciously -- to accomplish something by communicating. In organizational contexts, messages typically have a definite objective: to motivate, to inform, to teach, to persuade, to entertain, or to inspire. This definite purpose is, in fact, one of the principal differences between casual conversation and managerial communication. Effective communication in the organization centers on well-defined objectives that support the organization's goals and mission. Supervisors strive to achieve understanding among parties to their communications.
Communication is the process in which data is sent from a source to an intended audience with a meaning perceived by the receiver. Communication is vital if a company wants to survive. Without communication there will be no work getting accomplished and chaos will reign in the workplace. It is the process of passing information and understanding from one person to another. The communication process involves six basic elements: sender (encoder), message, channel, receiver (decoder), noise, and feedback. Supervisors can improve communication skills by becoming aware of these elements and how they contribute to successful communication. Communication process cab be described with help of the following elements: -
Sender: A sender initiates the communication process. It is source wishing to present a particular view or event of object. For e.g. a supervisor giving instruction to the employees
Message: What is it? A ?message? is the information that the sender wants to transmit. These messages have an attached meaning that may be interpreted differently by different people. It consists of verbal and nonverbal symbols that have been developed to convey meaning to the receiver. For e.g. as a sender, the supervisor should define the purpose of the message, construct each message with the receiver in mind.
Encoding: It is the process of translating the intended meaning into symbols (which includes words and gestures). The person who gets the thought or idea feels the need for communication. In the initial stage when idea is formed, it is encoded. After that encoded idea takes the shape of message and send to communicate by using proper media. After receiving the message it is analyzed and interpreted by communication.
Channel: The medium/channel is the means of communication or a way to convey the message, such as print, mass, electrical, and digital. Factors to consider when selecting a medium include relative speed,...