Communicative Competence As The Aim Of Foreign Language Learning

1393 words - 6 pages

Communicative Competence as the Aim of Foreign Language LearningContents1. Introduction......................................................................................................................22. Communicative competence............................................................................................23. How to develop communicative competence..................................................................54. Conclusion.......................................................................................................................75. References........................................................................................................................81. IntroductionIn this paper I will discuss communicative language teaching and its aim: communicative competence. I will also reflect on the aspects of communicative competence, criteria for its assessment and, finally, some ways communicative competence can be developed through classroom interaction.2. Communicative competenceCommunicative competence is the ability to use a language properly and suitably to achieve communication goals. The Communicative Approach in language learning is based on the idea that the goal of language acquisition is communicative competence.This idea was introduced by Dell Hymes. Hymes says that being able to communicatedoesn't only require grammatical and linguistic competence but also communicative competence, in other words: knowing when and how to say what to whom.To be able to speak in a foreign language the student needs to have knowledge oflinguistic forms, meanings and functions. Among numerous forms, the speaker has to choose the most appropriate one, depending on the social context in which the language is used and apply strategies to prevent communication from collapsing. However, sometimes students may know the rules of linguistic usage, but are unable to use the language. Therefore it is not enough to know the forms of language; the students must also be able to negotiate meaning.Communicative Language teaching requires language learners to use the language in authentic conversations and to communicate in a broad variety of situations for various uses.Researches confirm that language learners' interactions with native speakers and more skillful nonnative speakers have a positive effect on the development of language. During interaction, learners can become aware of something about their language use that does not resemble a native speaker's or more skillful nonnative speaker's use. Moreover, communication may break down and the listener may let the speaker know of the confusion by asking for explanation, affirmation, repetition, or by correcting the speaker. The speaker may reply by altering the message in a way in order to make it comprehensible. Both students who are taking part in the conversation are dynamically involved in the negotiation of meaningThe wanted result of the language learning process is the...

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