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Communism And Capitalism During The Cold War

677 words - 3 pages

Communism was the ideology followed by the Soviet Union. Originally founded by Karl Marx, it said that everything should be owned by the government and then divided up equally among the people who would then all work for it. For the communist party in Russia, their political system was always in danger. From the start of the Russian Revolution there have been dangers to communism. Before World War II most of the western nations ignored Russia simply because it was a communist state and the western nations actually supported Hitler because they believed that Germany would provided a buffer against Communism. The permanent threat against Russia gave the incentive to expand and spread communist influence as much as possible to keep their way of life intact, it was very much Russia against the world. However not only was the Soviet Union communist, they were totalitarian, meaning all the power was with the rulers. While this was effective for ...view middle of the document...

After the war the Soviet Union enforced this political system in the countries that they occupied. Poland, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Germany, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Ukraine, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia all fell under soviet rule after the war ended. As such they became ‘satellite states’ also known as buffer states. The reason for this was claimed to be that the soviet union was very venerable and as such needed neighboring countries to protect the Russian border. In addition, after the war the soviets took their hold in germany and, in revenge, were very cruel to the german population. After Roosevelt died there was reason for distrust. Truman was not as accepting of Stalin. Not only did he avoid stalins point of view, but he hid the information of the atomic bomb from the U.S.S.R.. The Soviet Union allowed some form of democracy in a diluted sense. People could vote, however the only candidates on the ballot were members of the communist party.
The United States was capitalist which meant that people could own land and businesses and compete for themselves. This led to a stark contrast between poor and rich. Although there was poverty, the wide range of wealth made the United States economy very powerful. Because of this free capitalism, there was more incentive to work. As the average man could make a living and even excel through the job market if he worked hard. This provided a work ethic in the united states that helped to propel the economy and made it very efficient. Not only was there a larger wealthy population, but the average standard of living was much higher than it was in the U.S.S.R..They were also a democracy, which meant it was the people who had a say by electing rulers. The United states believed that if their political system was to survive then European nations had to adopt it as well. Not only was it a threat to their political system, but also with more capitalist nations, there would be more international trade and a larger market as well. With the impending threat of communism, the united states used its economic prosperity to rebuild the destroyed european nations from the war and gain favor in doing so.
In the Cold War, the division was between these two sides, and there was very little in between.

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