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Communism In China And Russia Essay

649 words - 3 pages

Communism impacted the countries of Russia and China in both strikingly similar and different ways, for the better, or for the worse. During the time period of 1900 to 1945, communism in China and Russia were developed both differently and similarly by the audience to whom they appealed, the programs they sponsored, how they incorporated nationalism into those programs, how effectively they were resisted, and in how the Communist rules were structured. They both appealed to the peasantry, sponsored programs that would call for equal opportunity given to the people, and were resisted ineffectively but the Chinese altered their programs, due to the difference in politics, geographic location, and social problems. The audience in which they appealed to were similar, for they both appealed to the peasantry due to harsh times. They both rose to power due to the fact that the country wanted to end war but their opposing political party did not meet these needs. Nationalism was ...view middle of the document...

Although, at first, other party leaders made agreements with the Chinese Communist Party to gain a political advantage, they soon joined the revolution as a dedicated revolutionary (Foreign Affairs, 316). The children were targeted in Russia as the Youth organization came under the power of the communist party. Since the children could easily be manipulative, they were trained to obtain a “class fighting ability” which included technical training and fighting off religion (Harper, 90). As in China, the working class in Russia was also targeted because once the proletariat rebelled; the social classes would hypothetically disintegrate until all citizens were considered equal (Turin, 59). Active recruitment of revolutionaries came from men who worked in the factories and from other groups of peasantry (Harper, 91). The Chinese Communist Party also appealed to the Chinese who wanted China to win against the Japanese in the Sino-Japanese war (Strayer, 1042).
First, communism rose when a group of intellectuals was looking for a way to end warfare and instill leadership in China (Mark, 243). Due to the fact that the Kuomintang, China’s nationalist party, was too focused on decimating the communist party, the Chinese people began to turn to the CCP, Chinese Communist Party, to help them fight against the Japanese in the Sino-Japanese war (Strayer, 1042). The Kuomintang also had too small of a support base because they only focused on the elites and the aristocrats while the Chinese Communist Party had a broader audience that included the Chinese peasant farmers, who constituted for most of the population in China at the time (Strayer, 1043). In Russia, the majority of the population wanted to withdraw from World War I but the Provisional Government rejected the idea. This allowed for the Bolsheviks to gain popularity as Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, also known as Lenin, stated that he would pull Russia out of the war if he came to power (Strayer, 1040). Other policies, such as allowing workers to take charge of factories, giving non-Russians a say, and equal distribution of land to peasants also allowed Lenin to come to power (Strayer, 1040).

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