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Communist Challenge To Classical Liberalism And Laissez Faire

1549 words - 7 pages

In the Manifesto of the Communist Party, what communism is is discussed; this writing attempts to enlighten the world about what communism ideals are. The communist party is pro-proletariat and wants what is best, in their eyes, for the working class people. “The essential condition for the existence and rule of the bourgeois class is the accumulation of wealth in private hands, the formation of capital; the essential condition of capital is wage-labour” (Marx, p. 135). According to Marx and Engels, the reason the bourgeois class exists is because of the labor from the proletariat class; without the capital produced from the proletariat the bourgeois class would not be as successful as they are. “The Communists are no separate party distinct from other working people” (Marx, p. 135). It is being argued that the Communist party is made up of working class people who are tired of their rights being trampled on and want to do something about it. This shows a connection to the proletariat and the Communist party is more likely to gain support by utilizing this approach.
In What is to be Done by Lenin, he talks about social reform in Russian society. “Social-Democracy must change from a party of the social revolution into a democratic party of social reforms” (Lenin, p. 9). Instead of just merely changing how the government is currently run there must be change to the concept in order to spark a revolution. Lenin adopted this idea from the writing What is Property by Proudhon. According to Lenin, “the Social-Democratic movement is in its very essence an international movement” (p. 26). Lenin understands that in order for there to be a revolution in Russia the entire world may get involved. There are drastic changes that are taking place and other people may not agree with it. Lenin is arguing that what he is doing is best for the working class people of Russia but he did not make it seem that there would ultimately be a dictatorship and not a democracy. Nonetheless, his writings spark a revolution in Russia.
In What is Property by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, he takes on the communist ideal that property should not belong to any specific person. “Neither labor, nor conception, nor law, can create property” (Proudhon, p. 103). This embodies communist ideals because it takes the stance that nothing gives a person the right to property and that property is just a fact of society; but, that does not mean it belongs to any one person. Proudhon wrote What is Property during the time of the French Revolution during the late 1700s. “I call the movement of the mind revolution. If the ideas are simply extended or modified, there is only progress” (Proudhon, p. 116). By this standard, there was not a French Revolution but rather a French Progress. The same thing can be said about that fact that there has never been a true Communist revolution. Regardless, this is a time for reform in France and Proudhon is analyzing the reform of France’s government from monarchy...

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