Communist Manifesto (By: Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels)

1392 words - 6 pages

What is communism? Communism is a society where everyone is equal; a society where all wealth is shared amongst the citizens. This was the collective philosophy of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, which compelled them to write a book on their ideology/theory of communism, The Communist Manifesto. Vladimir Lenin was a revolutionist and politician who was greatly influenced by the book. After he took over the government with the Bolsheviks, he transformed Russia into a Marxist society (Edwards 82). When Lenin passed away, his power was given to Joseph Stalin. Stalin believed in Marxism, but he soon converted communist Russia into a totalitarian country ("Life of Stalin"). Even though Stalin changed the system of government, other countries still saw Russia as a communist nation. This image of "communism" was the reason behind Joseph McCarthy's appalling actions. Based on his perception of communism, "he took politicians he suspected were communists and exploited them" . If Stalin had not changed the form of government in Russia, communism would have developed, and people would have seen how The Communist Manifesto influenced their society. Looking back at history, Vlademir Lenin is the only person who has believed in Marxism enough to make an impact on a nation. Lenin chose to pursue politics after the hanging of his brother, Alexander, who was also a revolutionist (Edwards 27). When he was attending school, Lenin was recognized by his peers as a revolutionist. His teachers saw this and gave Lenin a tougher time than other children in the school. After reading Das Kapital, and The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, Lenin became fully involved in the revolution of Russia (Edwards 28). As he matured, his leadership traits developed and he began to organize strikes and demonstrations against the Russian government. Lenin formed a group called the Bolsheviks with Trotsky, a close friend (Edwards 56. This group focused mainly on Marxism; they believed that "there should be equality amongst all citizens and that all earnings from the rich should be shared with the poor" (Marx 243-244). The Bolsheviks were popular because they appealed to many of the peasants living in Russia during the period. After leading the October revolution, Lenin was chosen to be the leader of the Bolsheviks; the governing party. While Lenin was in power, he ruled the country with the principles of Marxism and as a result, land and money that was once owned by the Russian government, was now shared amongst the country (Edwards 82). Lenin also brought peace, food and land to people of the new communistic Russia. During the year of 1922, Lenin suffered from a series strokes which kept him from participating in the governing of his country; he died on January 24, 1924. Throughout Lenin's life he referred to Marxism, before, during and after he governed Russia. He lived a life of Marxism and never rejected the philosophy of Marx and Engels. From the death of Lenin,...

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