This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Communitarianism: A Liberal Response Essay

1645 words - 7 pages

“The only way to identify the requirements of justice is to see how each particular community understands the value of social goods”(Kymlicka 211). This is the approach to justice from the communitarian. Communitarianism in the last few decades has sparked in popularity among political philosophers. Communitarians believe that political theories, such as classic liberalism, leaves out the importance and significance of the community. The communitarian respects and upholds social practices and traditions as a way of governing, and as a way of justice. Because of the importance of the cultural aspect, this political current is thought of as a cultural relativist approach to justice. The communitarian does not accept the notion of being able to detach the self from roles of society. While communitarianism shows a great respect for cultural practices and tradition, it is an incomplete theory on the notion of being able to protect individual citizens from social institutions, like the community itself.
For the communitarian, the liberal approach is inadequate because of its insistence on a universal and ahistorical approach to justice. According to Waltzer, there is no way to step outside history or culture(211). People, as much as they would like to believe otherwise, are bound, and somewhat controlled by society's norms and behaviours. For the communitarian, there is no way to detach people from the social realm because it is apart of who we are as humans. We are shaped by the events of history, and shown how to behave within our culture. There is no way to externalize ourselves from the community because of how embedded it is in our psyche(221). With this notion, if a community can have a shared understanding of what the common good is, then there is no reason to have a theory of justice. The shared understanding within the community is the cultural approach rather than the philosophical argument approach to justice. This has an attractive view in a few ways. First, in the eighteenth and nineteenth century, when people were trying to break free of oppression from monarchies, the classical political currents of thought such as liberalism, socialism, conservatism, nationalism, and republicanism were created(208). Now, in the twenty first century, different beliefs and historical events have shaped humans in different and unique ways. With a communitarian way of thinking, creating a set of rights and ideals in the eighteenth and nineteenth century, to be universal and ahistorical is ridiculous. Secondly, our world is home to thousands or different cultures and ways of thinking. The view of justice is very different in countries all over the world compared to the western view. Although the west is powerful, it is not up to us to provide the world with what we think is right and wrong. Even if we do not realize, the way we speak, think, and act are all a reflection of our culture; therefore, Michael Waltzer, a communitarian, believes that “this quest...

Find Another Essay On Communitarianism: A Liberal Response

Right To Know Essay

1137 words - 5 pages child to decide if he or she wants to know the donor’s identity. I think it really should not be up to the parent to decide whether their child should know they were donor inseminated or not and that they should tell the child because he or she deserves to know. I say this despite the fact that I would not want to know if I was the product or donor insemination. I am taking a liberal rights approach, which is an approach that emphasizes the

The Progressive Era - Liberal or Conservative

1804 words - 7 pages The Progressive Era - Liberal or ConservativeDuring the latter part of the nineteenth century, presumably around the 1890's, it became known as the Progressive Era, a time of change, reform, and adaptation. As Vernon L. Parrignton put it, it was a "democratic renaissance" (Vernon L. Parrington in The Progressive Movement: Liberal or Conservative). So what was Progressivism? Well, its main goals were to curb corporate power, to end business

Socialism in the Labour Party

2007 words - 8 pages ), consulted members through policy forums, and reduced dependency on trade union finance. This marks a move away from socialism and into 'democratisation' of the labour party. The party under Blair now has an acceptance of a so-called 'neo-liberal agenda'. This is shown most obviously in Blair's 'Third Way' policy, it is as Macmurray states communitarianism or ethical socialism. New labour emphasise community involvement

How, If at All, Is Freedom Valuable?

1836 words - 8 pages both of the situations we would really have to choose between those two. Hurka says, that in most cases we would be better off with S2, because than we would have the chance to say no to some things, and by that we have a bigger impact on the world, so the more value our situation have. Some would response to this, as more options does not add to the value of our situation. Some might even say, that more options make our situation worst, such

What is the difference between ethnic identity and national identity?

1556 words - 7 pages of society and provides support for the individual; consensus must overcome contention and different races and religions will coexist harmonically. This can be said to sum up the thought of Singapore’s founder Lee Kwan Yew: posing the collective good over the individual’s is the essence of “Asian communitarianism” which will overcome the “morally decadent” Western liberal individualism. (1998:39) Singapore is a corporatist state, founded on an

For or Against liberal global order

1565 words - 7 pages order. This world order is built around open and rule-based relations that exist amongst states, which moulds international relations. According to Tim Dune and Trine Flockhart Liberal global order is in fact seen by many as either a fading international order in response to declining American hegemony or as a failing international order riddled with internal intentions with contradictions. This is partly caused by the rise of the non-Western

'Universal Human Rights are a fiction devised by the West in order to legitimise intervention in other areas of the World.' Discuss

3182 words - 13 pages communitarianism, above all else prizes the ideal of state sovereignty (Article II Paragraph 1 & 7) and the protection of this right against all else as paramount. In order for this to be maintained the simple answer as to whether, under any circumstances, external bodies are entitled to intervene on humanitarian grounds, the instant legal response would be no. Conversely, however the Universal Declaration of Human Rights would argue the cosmopolitanism

asdfasdf

2874 words - 12 pages revolt and they will eventually establish a democracy. Himmelfarb protests that Fukuyama dismissed the possibility that religion, nationalism, race, and ethnicity might emerge as ‘ideological competitors’ to liberal democracy all to easily. Himmelfarb takes Hitler and the Holocaust as an example, and he states that it was an entirely ‘unique’ event, and that it signifies the possibility of other unprecedented events and ideologies. In response

Same Sex Marriage: A Dialogue Between Liberal Feminism And Radical Cultural Feminism

1545 words - 7 pages reinforce male dominance and privilege.Radical cultural feminists argue in response to this perspective that liberal feminism actually restrains women because it relies on the law to bring about change without recognizing that the law itself is a tool in sustaining patriarchy. Radical cultural feminists do not seek to reform such systems of control in alignment with equal rights; rather they seek to eliminate them, "the key to women's freedom is to

A Research on The Attitudes on Kenyans Toward Social Media

2358 words - 10 pages 1.0 BACKGROUND. This research study explores the attitudes of Kenyan proletariat voters towards social media political activism and to what extent such strategies can be said to be Communitarian expressions of political association or ethnic mobilization devoid of issue-based politics. Communitarianism is a philosophy emphasizing the connection between an individual and the community. A “community” in this context is understood in the wider

dbq help

854 words - 3 pages UCHS/APUSHAP United States HistoryThe Document Based Question#2Your DBQ response should be a standard five paragraph essay: Introduction three paragraph body, and conclusion. We will use the following actual DBQ to illustrate how to write the rest of the exam:Prompt: "Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt is commonly thought of as a liberal and Pres. Herbert Hoover as a conservative. To what extent are these characterizations valid?' (Following the

Similar Essays

Community For Justice A Communitarian Critique Of Traditional Liberal Theory

1484 words - 6 pages Communitarians cannot accept liberal theory. It fails to pay mind to the essence of what makes human beings function as social creatures. And while it continues to stray from its beginnings it can no longer satisfy what is necessary for an acceptable political theory. Communitarians view this distance from the original theory their main objection to liberal theory. Instead an ideal communitarian theory would involve “a more contextual and

Liberty Vs. Community Essay

1120 words - 4 pages communitarian point of view in that instead of linking with the nation, they see the community as opposing it directly. Another additive to the liberal standpoint of liberalism is wealth redistribution. This would be the distribution of funds to society for a universal benefit. One easily recognized example of this would be FDR's proposition to bring America out of the Great Depression, the New Deal. These plans consisted of a variety of programs designed

A Discription Of Contemporary Liberalism And Communitarianism

919 words - 4 pages Liberalism is the leading and background theory in contemporary political ideologies. As Bellamy states, twentieth-century liberalism has a broad area, from New Right conservatives to democratic socialists; it makes everyone seems a liberal. One of its major critics is communitarianism.Communitarianism sees individuals as strongly linking in community, and their debates with liberalisms are basically founded in the contemporary liberal John

Green Rainbows Essay

675 words - 3 pages conservatism and liberal communitarianism, and the growing suspicion of moralism in public policy” Ross mentions this in is article introducing the point he is trying to get across in his writing. Works Cited Douthat, Ross “Pot and Jackpots” NYTimes.com, New York Times Company, Nov 2, 2013, Web. Nov 7, 2013