This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Community And Public Health Essay

974 words - 4 pages

Community and public health practices are commonly not stressed in an Associate Degree of Nursing program; unlike the Bachelor of Science in nursing programs that provide students with the knowledge base to differentiate between and recognize public health and community health. This paper will review the history of community and public health. The similarities and differences between public health and community health will be addressed; ending with a review of the disaster management plan for Maricopa County.History of Public HealthPublic health practice can be traced back to the Black Death of the fourteenth century when systems of quarantine were established by towns and cities (Mooney, 2005). In the 1700s, public health organizations were often organized by the police department; health agencies only became involved for the threat of outbreaks (Scutchfied & Keck, 2003). It was not until the late 1800s when an increasing amount of effort was put into enhancing public health. Conventions were held between 1857 and 1860 on systems of quarantine and sanitation in major U.S. cities along the east coast (Scutchfied & Keck, 2003). In 1864, Red Cross was established in the United States (Stanhope & Lancaster 2008); a survey was conducted that same year by a group in New York City to find a correlation of outbreaks and premature infant death among varies sections of the city; this was followed by the establishment of the American Public Health Association in 1872 (Scutchfied & Keck, 2003). In 1915, Yale founded one of the United States first academic programs in public health (Association of Schools of Public Health, 2006). In 1920 public health was defined by Charles Winslow as:The science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physicalhealth and efficiency through organized community efforts for the sanitation of theenvironment, the control of community infections, the education of the individual inprinciples of personal hygiene, the organization of medical and nursing service for theearly diagnosis and preventive treatment of disease, and the development of the socialmachinery, which will ensure to every individual in the community a standard of living adequate for the maintenance of health (Winklestein, 2009 ¶1).It was not until 1935 when funding became available from the federal government for public health training (Scutchfied & Keck, 2003). By the 1970s and 1980s the majority of the population obtained healthcare services through public health programs (Scutchfied & Keck, 2003). Our nation's quality of life has improved, people are living longer, the number of communicable diseases and infant mortality has decreased due to the efforts put forth by public health officials.History of Community HealthGreen and McKenzie define community health as "the health status of a defined group of people, or community, and the actions and conditions that protect and improve the health of the community" (2009,...

Find Another Essay On Community and Public Health

Community Health Nursing and Chronic Illness

2630 words - 11 pages Introduction Community nursing is important to caring for patients as part of a holistic approach. By using Chronic Disease Self-Management (CDSM) and Trans-Theoretical Lifestyle Model of Change (TTM) nurses can ensure that care is specific to the patient, which can increase their compliance with their new program. Having the patients as involved as possible in their own care allows them to take back some of the power that health care can take

Balancing Public Health and Personal Liberty

1736 words - 7 pages Public health practice in the nineteenth century mainly focused on sanitary reforms such as clean water, efficient sewage system, garbage collection and disposal, fumigation practices and clean housing facilities. This was mainly attributed to the filth theory which was widely accepted during that time. These sanitary measures were necessary to keep the infectious diseases such as smallpox, cholera and typhoid under control so as to prevent

Public Health: Ethical Concerns and Potential Barriers

2139 words - 9 pages services for the person. In addition, every individual has the right to get access to various sources of data and information on the different public health issues affecting an environment (Aginam, 2005). It is important to enlighten a community on such rights in order to reduce the prevalence of certain diseases as well as the costs involved in their prevention and treatment. Public health ethical concerns are very vital within a given economy or

Public Health and Continuous Quality Improvment

1019 words - 4 pages (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). Within these categories are other components such as diagnose and investigate, mobilize community partnerships, and assure a compentent workforce. The scope of duties of public health departments, large or small, require standards and measures to ensure public safety. The CDC in collaboration with the Robert Woods Johnson Foundation (RWJF), support a national voluntary accreditation credential, much

The Relationship Between Nursing and Public Health

1891 words - 8 pages the years from a nurse being a mother or a woman to the nurse with duties integrating the growing and challenging to people in need of health care. Nursing was initially limited to hospitals; however, there is an increasing requirement for nursing and medical services to be taken to the community. This is where public health and nursing comes into play. To understand public health, there is a need to give insight into what it entails. The focus

Social Class and Public Health: Determining Your Health

1380 words - 6 pages has a population of over 10,000 people living in an area smaller than Manhattan. Tuberculosis runs rampant there and is often times left unchecked due to the lack of personal space in conjunction with poor sanitary conditions. Poor sanitation in a region is an effect of lack of public interest in the community and subsequently aids in the demise of the health of the population. The ambiance of a district also sways the wellness of the

Federal Public Health and The Affordable Care Act and Public Health Reform

1853 words - 8 pages The health of the American people lags behind those from other developed countries. Federal public health agencies have a wide range of responsibilities and functions which includes public health research, funding, and oversight of direct healthcare providers. It has been a long time since changes have been made to the way the federal government structures its health care roles and programs outside of Medicare and Medicaid (Trust, 2013). With

Community health and maternal, infant and early child care

701 words - 3 pages 1) Maternal, infant and child health (MICH) combines such an issue as the health of women, who are pregnant or have already given birth, infants, children or adolescents. This conception also includes the package of the professional acts within public health that targets to promote the health status of these vulnerable groups of population and overcome future troubles which they will likely face. In fact, their well-being defines the general

Community Health Center for the Uninsured and Undocumented Immigrants

1874 words - 8 pages Community Foundation. • PGWHC Grant Watch Program. Works Cited Campbell, Y. (2011). New governance in action: Community health centers and the public health service act. Journal of Health Law & Policy, 4(2), 397-425. Chang, J. et al. (2012). Does state budget pressure matter for uncompensated care spending in hospitals? Findings from Texas and California. International Journal 0f Health Planning & Management, 27(2), 88-103 Currie, G., & Lockett

Solving World Hunger through Microenterprises, Policy, and Community Health Workers

2316 words - 9 pages Solving World Hunger through Microenterprises, Policy, and Community Health Workers The World Hunger Education Service (2011) describes world hunger as the want or scarcity of food or nutrients in a country. World hunger is an insidious issue that impedes progress for millions worldwide. World hunger is not only a physical need, but also has emotional and ethical implications. Living in “obesogenic” America where supermarkets display hundreds

Impacts of Natural Disasters on Public Health and the Environment

1735 words - 7 pages Impacts of Natural Disasters on Public Health and the Envrionment Deborah Lomas Environmental Science IPFW March 31, 2014 Introduction The occurrences of natural disasters have been increasing over the years (Laframboise, M. N., & Loko, M. B., 2012). The impacts of natural disasters can vary widely with the type and severity of the disaster as well as with the preparedness of the affected populations. According to Laframboise, M

Similar Essays

Community Psychology And Public Health Research Paper

1430 words - 6 pages Table of Contents INTRODUCTION 1 HISTORY AND BACKGROUND OF COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY AND PUBLIC HEALTH 2 SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY 3 CONCLUSION 4 REFERENCE LIST 5 INTRODUCTION Societies have different ways of defining health problems as well as how they seek and organize explanations, and these differences are shaped by social factors and historical development. In a similar manner, the

Critically Compare And Contrast The Community Psychology And Public Health Approaches To Social Problems

876 words - 4 pages My aim in this paper is to analyse community psychology and public health and distinguish between the two approaches. Community Psychology focuses on economic, environmental, political and social factors that influence the way in which people all over the world live their lives. It also touches on social factors that contribute or causes problems in various societies. Public Health on the other hand, according to Tutorial Letter 102/0/2014, is

Public Health And Teenage Std's Essay

642 words - 3 pages Public Health is the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals. It is concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis ( One of the major topics that impact public health is sexually transmitted diseases among teens.Sexually

Public Health And Hyudraulic Fracturing Essay

1150 words - 5 pages This chapter explores the process and potential effects of hydraulic fracturing in a public health framework. It defines the relationship between hydraulic fracturing and public health by presenting the pathways and nature of contamination. It concludes by examining the potential effects contaminants may have on the human populations as well as offering recommendations for future studies and analysis. Pathways of Contamination It is believed