Community Based Policing Provides Hope For Law Enforcement.

1742 words - 7 pages

OUTLINEI. Introduction to C.B.P.A.The roots of C.B.P.B.So what is community?II.The two elements of C.B.P. law enforcement philosophy are:A. Community partnership.B. Problem solving.III. The reaction of police to change.IV. The future of C.B.P.A. A first step in C.B.P.B. Measuring success.C. Crime prevention.V. Conclusion.INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNITY-BASED POLICING.'In Philadelphia, a pulsating tavern juke box that has caused irateneighbors to log 500 Police calls in six months, was moved away from acommon wall with the adjoining building.@ (Author unknown US News) The callsstopped. Though it seems simple, such a move is at the heart of what we knowas Community-based Policing.The movement toward C.B.P. has gained momentum in recent years. AsPolice and community leaders search for more effective ways to enhance thesense of public safety and the quality of life in their communities. We haveaccepted C.B.P in one police department after another,and we are ready nowto agree that 'C.B.P. provides hope for the future of Law enforcement.'We can trace the seed of C.B.P. back to Sir Robert Peel, the father of themodern Police system, who said 'the Police is the public and the public are thePolice'(Braiden). For different reasons, the Police lost sight of that principledefining their relationship with the public. Modern historians have said that thereform era in government, which started in the 1900's to combat corruption,along with the move toward the professional image of police work, resulted inthe separation of Police and Community (Kelling, Moore, pg-5)Reform style Policing emerged in the 50s and 60s with rotating shifts andfrequent movement of officers, (to prevent corruption). Random patrolling (areactive police technique) was also detrimental to the link between Police andpublic. The police adopted a policy of centralized control to ensurecompliance with set standards, and to encourage a professional aura ofimpartiality. All these policies along with the use of automobiles, telephones,and other technological advances helped distance the Police more.The calls for service increased as urban population and crime awarenessincreased, making the police almost totally reactive. The introduction ofcomputers only encouraged that false idea of 'quick' reactive response and astatistical view toward measuring success in policing(rather than analyzing thelocal needs of the community.)By the late 70's the communities had become a diverse pool ofnationalities, subcultures, and attitudes. People identified themselves as parts ofseparate groups and at times the Police was not part of what they called 'us.@During this time, a burst of new ideas and changes in the sociopolitical andeconomic structure began to occur that would eventualy,bring about a newkind of police officer.In this changing environment, all social institutions were scrutinized. ThePolice, slow and overburdened, were losing ground rapidly. Police leaders feltthe need to reflect on these problems and their...

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