Community-oriented policing, also known as COP, combines the traditional aspects of law enforcement with prevention measures, problem solving, community engagement, and community partnerships (Community and Problem-Oriented). The United States law enforcement relied on a professional policing model, which was based on hierarchical structures, efficient response times, standardization, and the use of motorized patrol cars. Community-oriented policing began when critics charged that police and the communities they served were alienated from each other. The key element for community policing is the emphasis on the prevention of crime (Community and Problem-Oriented).
Beginning in the 1980s, COP gained acceptance as an alternative to traditional policing models. From growing tremendously, COP helped set the stage for the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement act of 1994 (Community and Problem-Oriented). This articulated the goal of putting 100,000 more community police on the streets. I believe the true definition of community-oriented policing is the relationship between the police and the community. The community becomes the co-producer of public safety when it is a relationship like this (Community and Problem-Oriented).
There are many programs that COP consists of and six elements that are associated with the COP programs, along with numerous others. The six elements include, the power of the community, belief in broad community function, relying on the police for the citizens authority, information, and collaboration, application for general knowledge and skill, specific tactics targeted at particular problems, and decentralized authority to respond more to the neighborhood needs (Community and Problem-Oriented). Some strategies used are foot patrols, school resource officers, storefronts and ministrations, geographic assignment of officers, and neighborhood-based crime prevention activities (Community and Problem-Oriented).
Living in today’s society, there is not one thing that does not change. Many things change daily, hourly, or even by the minute. Multiple crimes are committed daily all over the world, along with new crimes. Law enforcement does not have a choice to try and prevent these same crimes from occurring; however, there are things they have to change in order to prevent these crimes, especially new crimes committed. A police officer has many duties he or she has to take on, and sometimes he or she cannot stop every crime. Many people think the police do not do their job, although, I disagree. Police officers leave their families and risk their lives each day. Their main responsibility is to protect our communities. Every person has his or her own opinion about law enforcement. Some look at law enforcement as the “good” people and some look at them as the “bad” people. Personally, I believe those who look at law enforcement as the “bad” people are the ones who commit the crimes.
I believe policing has changed for...