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Community Policing Essay

2256 words - 9 pages

SOCI 2071 Criminology - Term Paper
Name: Chan Ka Mei UID: 3035008635
Community Policing
Community Policing emerged in the 1970s (Chappell 2008) first in the United States,
followed by the United Kingdom and eventually growing worldwide (Wong 2001). In
this essay, we would first try to understand what community policing is by looking
into its definition and its elements. Following this, we would probe into the
implementation of community policing. Finally we would study the effectiveness of
this policing, and then the challenges it is meeting.
The exact or official definition of community policing is still ambiguous (Chappell
and Gibson 2009). From practitioners to researchers, various definitions can be found.
Despite the lack of consensus, similar underlying principles are contained. In general,
maintaining social order is no longer solely the responsibility of the police, but is also
borne by the community (Connell, Miggans and McGloin 2008). Community
participation is emphasized in the sense that they are the contributor to crime control
and safety services (Wong 2001). In addition, instead of reacting to crimes by merely
busting and convicting the criminals, and responding to calls for service and handling
investigations (Mastrofski, Willis and Kochel 2007), solving the underlying problems
is underscored. Community policing is defined as long as it fulfills the above
According to Cordner, Fridell and Greene, there are mainly four elements in
community policing - accountability, collaboration, decentralization and problem
solving (Connell, Miggans and McGloin 2008). The four elements will be elaborated
A. Accountability
Police officers are assigned to different geographic regions that they are responsible
for the crime affairs in that particular area. (Connell, Miggans and McGloin 2008)
The purpose of accountability is two-fold, to develop a thorough knowledge of that
region and to develop a long-term relationship between the police and the community.
B. Collaboration
As mentioned in the philosophy, engaging the community to be the co-producer of
social order is one of the aims of community policing. In order to do so, cooperation
and collaboration between the police officers and the community is indispensable

SOCI 2071 Criminology - Term Paper
Name: Chan Ka Mei UID: 3035008635
(Chappell and Gibson 2009). Not only does community mean the individuals, but also
different parties such as the business owners, schools, apartment managers and other
service agencies (Connell, Miggans and McGloin 2008). On one hand, the
participation of individuals is mostly referring to the report of crimes and assistance in
monitoring the area. On the other hand, parties are expected to work with the officers
to identify and solve the problems together.
C. Decentralization
Since officers are given the authority to use their own method to cope with the crimes
in the designated area. There is no absolute...

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