This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Community Policing Essay

1078 words - 4 pages

Community policing is a policy and a strategy aimed at achieving more effective and efficient crime control, reduced fear of crime, improved quality of life, improved police services and police legitimacy, through a proactive reliance on community resources that seeks to change crime causing conditions. This assumes a need for greater accountability of police, greater public share in decision-making and greater concern for civil rights and liberties.
The key characteristics of community policing are as follows: Police officers are usually called upon to be particularly thoughtful, creative problem solvers. They are asked to listen to the concerns of community members, to logically reason out the roots of problems, to identify and research potential answers, to implement solutions, and to assess results. Police officers work in partnership with concerned citizens. The second characteristic is that police officers are visible and accessible component of the community and work with youths and other community members top address delinquency problems. On the third characteristic, police officers patrol a limited number of jurisdictions on foot. The so-called foot patrol officers are believed to be more approachable and offer a comforting presence to citizens. The fourth and last characteristic that will be mentioned on this paper is that the community policing have decentralized operations, which allows officers to develop greater familiarity with the needs of various constituencies in the community and to adapt procedures to accommodate those needs.
Community policing differ a lot from traditional policing methods. The main difference is that while traditional policing has been characterized by reactive responses to crime, community policing emphasizes proactive problem solving to prevent and otherwise control crime. Traditional policing patrols the streets during their shift and react to what crimes and/or infractions are being committed. They also, of course, respond to dispatch calls of crimes in progress. Crime prevention is achieved through mere police presence. Negative interaction between the community and police is generally the norm. In communities policing, on the other hand, police officers are typically assigned to specific geographic areas in their jurisdiction and establish ties with the various community groups. These groups may include ministerial (church) associations, neighborhood associations, youth groups, etc. The idea is that when police are involved with the community they are not viewed as outsiders who are there simply to enforce the law. Crime prevention is achieved through positive interaction with police and the community. The goals of community policing are to reduce crime and disorder, promote citizens’ quality of life in communities, reduce fear of crime, and improve police–citizen relations. These goals are achieved through three essential efforts: community engagement, problem solving, and organizational...

Find Another Essay On Community Policing

Community Policing Essay

1030 words - 4 pages Community PolicingCommunity policing is regarded as the answer to crime in many of America's cities today. Communitypolicing.org defines community policing as, "A collaborative effort between the police and the community that identifies problems of crime and disorder and involves all elements of the community in the search for solutions to these problems (About, p. 1)." In other words policing that works with the community while trying to solve

Community Policing Essay

3040 words - 12 pages Part 1: The TheoryPoor communication is responsible for the effectiveness of community policing. The article used for part 1 is titled Overcoming barriers to communication between police and socially disadvantage neighborhoods: a critical theory of community policing, by author Stephen Schneider. Research on his theory is conducted in socially disadvantaged neighborhoods, where community policing is needed the most. Primary research was

Community policing

1103 words - 5 pages Community and police are words that we hear frequently through our day-to-day life. Somehow these are not words that we often put together, although these two words are very important. Our community has a way of defining us and we count on our police to keep our families and us safe. As a young girl, the first phone number I was ever though was 9-1-1. I’ve never heard about community policing until very recently. Although I’ve heard a lot about

Community Based Policing

571 words - 2 pages Community Based Policing      There has always been a love-hate relationship between the public and the police. When called upon to help, they can be something sent from God, but when they are writing tickets, or taking a friend to jail, the view changes from a savior to a presence that is unwanted and often hated. An effort to improve the public view of law enforcement is being attempted by many departments. Using different styles of

Community Policing in America

1168 words - 5 pages Community Orientated Policing is widely held as the new and correct style for American policing. For the past decade the community policing movement has been gaining momentum acquiring the support of politicians, scholars, reformers, and the public. Police chiefs around the country are now feeling the pressures of implementation from citizens and local government officials. Many high ranking professional police organization have placed their

Community Policing in Canada

906 words - 4 pages Community Policing in Canada  Community policing is a relatively new model of service delivery that is employed by the majority of police forces across Canada.  Community policing however, is not a “new” approach, it is more correctly a renewal or re-emergence of the old approach developed in Metropolitan London (Leighton & Normandeau, p.21). The amendments to the current system are evident in Leighton & Normandeau’s (1990) review of

Community Oriented Policing (COP)

1789 words - 7 pages agencies have been working to gain the respect and the cooperation of the communities they serve. Community Oriented Policing was introduced to bring a closer working relationship between the citizens and the police. Community Oriented Policing Community Oriented Policing (COP) is a concept that involved offering personalized policing services that are closer to the people and that involve a proactive partnership with the citizens (Pontiac Police

Community Oriented Policing

2145 words - 9 pages Community Oriented Policing PAGE 11 Community Oriented Policing (Week Four)CJA/333: Policing Theory and PracticeOctober 16, 2006Community Oriented PolicingA revolution is taking place in policing and it has important implications for those in city government tasked with planning. This revolution is called community policing and it brings police work into a domain traditionally inhabited by community planners. This report will be the basis for

Community-Oriented Policing

1113 words - 4 pages Community-oriented policing, also known as COP, combines the traditional aspects of law enforcement with prevention measures, problem solving, community engagement, and community partnerships (Community and Problem-Oriented). The United States law enforcement relied on a professional policing model, which was based on hierarchical structures, efficient response times, standardization, and the use of motorized patrol cars. Community

Community Organizing and Policing

3091 words - 12 pages Community Organizing and Policing Introduction "Community Development refers to efforts to mobilize people, who are directly affected by a community condition, into groups and organizations which enables them to take action on the social problems and issues that concerns them." (http://www.abacon.com/books/ab_020526834x.html) There are many reasons why residents in a community form teams; the desire to create and act upon a shared

Community Policing Report Proposal

1944 words - 8 pages with Less" case study report illustrates an increasingly common problem where a local police agency is in disarray because of budget cuts and reduced staffing levels. This report will answer 7 specific questions related to Dismal City's request for a community policing implementation plan from the new chief of police.As the new Police Chief of Dismal City, it is my duty to address and correct our budget problem in a manner that will still keep

Similar Essays

Community Policing Essay

1588 words - 6 pages Community Policing By the late 1970's, resulted from massive immigrants, the communities within America had become a diverse pool of nationalities, subcultures, and attitudes (Barlow 1996, p.651). People often identified themselves as parts of separate groups and at times the police was not part of what they called "us”. During this time, a burst of new ideas and changes in the political and economic structure

Community Policing Essay 2256 Words

2256 words - 9 pages SOCI 2071 Criminology - Term Paper Name: Chan Ka Mei UID: 3035008635 Community Policing Introduction Community Policing emerged in the 1970s (Chappell 2008) first in the United States, followed by the United Kingdom and eventually growing worldwide (Wong 2001). In this essay, we would first try to understand what community policing is by looking into its definition and its elements. Following this, we would probe into the implementation of

Community Policing Essay

3483 words - 14 pages Community policing has emerged since the 1970s as an increasingly important strategy for controlling and preventing crime and enhancing community safety. It is both a philosophy and an organizational strategy that allows the police and the community to work closely together in creative ways to solve the problems of crime, drugs, fear of crime, physical and social disorder, neighborhood decay, and the overall quality of life in the community

Community Policing Essay

2089 words - 9 pages Contrast of Pre-Community Policing and Current Community Policing The start of the three eras of policing came about in 1845 with the organization of police departments in Boston, Philadelphia, and New York. New York was the first city to have paid police officers. New York stockbrokers went to England and returned with a model for policing derived from the London Metropolitan Police Act of 1829 (Jackson, 2006. Pg. 14) The London Metropolitan