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Community Policing Policy In Order To Establish A Community Based Policing Program A Number Of Needs Must Be Met.

3664 words - 15 pages

Community Policing PolicyIn order to establish a community based policing program a number of needs must be met. First, a need must be identified within the community. Second, a method must be found to help meet that need. Third, the police must actively involve community members in the process. Here in Tucson crime is rampant, particularly larceny. This has lead to the development of many programs geared toward community interaction and reducing larceny. Although these programs have had some effect they have not significantly reduced the amount of property crime in Tucson.In order to see a serious reduction it will be necessary to get more of the community directly involved in the crime fighting process. Neighborhood watches, Operation ID, and other community based programs need more direct involvement. In order to accomplish this, the Tucson Police Department needs to reach out to community leaders directly and implement these programs at the neighborhood level.The philosophy of the majority of police departments over the last 100 years is to have a reactive approach to crime. The reactive approach to fighting crime is for police to respond to a scene of a crime after the crime has been committed. This idea of policing is suitable for the amount of resources that police departments are given to fight crime. As the amount of crimes have increased over time, a new look into how local police departments fight crimes is necessary.A possible solution for the increase in crime rates is to step away from the reactive approach and look into developing a more proactive strategy. The idea of proactive policing is that crime is fought before it evens happens. Community policing allows for this idea to work, because police departments work one-on-one with members of the community to understand the needs of the community, to build better relations with one another, and create new ways to improve their community in hopes to reduce crime overall.In Tucson specifically, programs have been implemented with the hopes of switching to a more community based style of policing. The problem is that these programs are underutilized and advertised. In order to get information citizens would have to either access the Tucson police website or go to the local station. Since officers are overworked there is little opportunity for the community to get involved. The idea behind our policy is for the police to assist neighborhoods in developing or using the already existing programs. In this way Tucson can fulfill government hopes in community policing.On September 13, 1994, then President Bill Clinton signed The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act which allowed federal money to be used to increase the amount of officers that would be able to work in community policing interests. (Davis 2000) The President was estimating that this act would allow for an additional 100,000 officers to bring communities together with their local police departments to help reduce the...

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