Dr. Wayne Grudem is a New Testament scholar turned theologian, author, and Research Professor of Bible and Theology at Phoenix Seminary, Arizona ("Wayne Grudem," ). In lieu of many of his great accomplishes, Dr. Grudem has also written numerous books and articles. Among those books, he is the author of Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine, which advocates a Calvinistic soteriology, the verbal plenary inspiration and inerrancy of the Bible, the body-soul dichotomy in the nature of man, and the complementarian view of gender equality ("Wayne Grudem," ). In 2003, Dr. Grudem released a book titled “Business for the Glory of God: The Bible's Teaching on the Moral Goodness of Business”. Within this work, Dr. Grudem tackles intricate and arguable matters, in which he unravels what the Bible teaches regarding the moral goodness of business.
Applying the idea of moral goodness with business, however, is often a contradictory concept in lieu of the malicious and often scandalous behavior that businesses are notoriously publicized with. Enron, an energy company based out of Houston, Texas, is perhaps the most popular of scandals of the century thus far. Their name is synonymous with corporate fraud and corruption after the allegations of accounting fraud hit the headlines in 2001. The scandal was also considered a landmark case in the field of business fraud and brought into question the accounting practices of many corporations throughout the US (Raslan, 2009). Under this shroud of deceptive business practices and activities, applying the idea of moral goodness with business is a difficult sell to readers.
Nevertheless, in the Business for the Glory of God: The Bible's Teaching on the Moral Goodness of Business, Dr. Grudem (2003) argues many aspects of business activity are morally good in themselves, and that in themselves they bring glory to God—though they also have great potential for misuse and wrongdoing (p. 12). He thoroughly examines business aspects, practices and impacts through the following nine key concepts (in addition to two other chapters dedicated to other necessary subject matters):
(4) Commercial Transactions
(7) Inequality of Possessions
(9) Borrowing and Lending
Through these nine key concepts, Dr. Grudem illustrates how a variety of business techniques, when implemented in a Godly manner, allow those to pose certain characteristics of God. Grudem isn’t naïve, though. He does, after all, explain that in every aspect of business there are multiple layers of opportunities to give glory to God, as well as multiple temptations to sin (Grudem, 2003, p. 17). He is also aware about the easy ways these activities can be perverted and used as a means to sin ("Business for the," 2003). This book is tailored to echo God’s glory in relation to correlation with employees, co-workers, customers, and other businesses involved...