Comparative Article Review: The Great Depression

1654 words - 7 pages

Two articles written about the Great Depression, one by James Struthers and the other by John Manley, each article takes a different view on the depression. One is looking exclusively at the politics and the other looking a public organizations and party formations, each showing a fear of foreign ideals. All of this would shape the way in which the working and middle class would look at and provide input into future governments.
Let’s look at the differences first, James Struthers you can see by title alone that this article is on the unemployment policy and will look at the government and the Prime ministers of the 1930’s. John Manley article you can see by the title that you will be looking at reforms and different organizations that were formed in 1929-1939 and the fears of communism that came with all th3ese organizations. Just by looking here you can see that each article yes looks that the same time period but John Manley looks at the great depression a bit earlier than James Struthers.
Going into the article as you read the opening paragraphs you get a feel for the overall argument which is too restated within the closing paragraphs as well. So with in James Struthers article the reoccurring theme that seems to be the central argument is the fact that both the R.B. Bennett and Mackenzie King governments refusal to provide and help with unemployment insurance was due to both thinking it would make the people reliant on the government, and that people needed to tighten their belts. With John Manley the reoccurring theme is the Communist Party of Canada and the movements and followers that come with it and the focus on obtaining some sort of employment insurance and support for those who were or have become unemployed during the Great Depression and the boldness to express their concern.
Looking at James Struthers you can see the one of the techniques used is the separation of sections. James Struthers opens and asks general questions such as why did the depression take us by surprise? Or why did we not follow in the Britain’s footsteps and create things like a national system of unemployment insurance if a state employment service to cope the joblessness? Along with the idea that the depression would pass in time like it has done in the past, and that the overall argument was that the joblessness was due to the seasonal work and the government thought that these seasonal workers were paid enough to keep them going through the winter. Another factor was that unions were not powerful until World War Two.
Now if you look at John Manley’s article you see that his technique is different in the sense that it is written in a two column format with no breaks in between, and Open up his article by how the Communist Party of Canada (CPC) formed the National Unemployed Workers’ Association (NUWA), and how they fought for unemployment insurance or compensation, and how the police tried to repress the NUWA. The NUWA had economic...

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