Comparative Government Essay

767 words - 4 pages

In the past, different civilizations have been ruled by different forms of government. The U.S. Democratic Republic, the Roman Republic, and the Athenian Democracy have similar and different functions of how they run their government.
In the U.S. Democratic Republic, it has all three branches of government which are the legislature, executive, and the judicial branch. Their legislative branch has a Senate of 100 members and they're elected by the people for a six-year-term. The Senates make laws and they advise president on foreign policy. The executive branch has a president that is elected by the people for four years. The president is the chief executive of the government and the commander-in-chief of the army. The Supreme Court has nine justices that are appointed for life by the president. They are the highest court, they hear civil and criminal appeals cases. A citizen is anyone who is born in the United States, as well as those who follow a naturalization process established by congress. The citizens have the right to prompt, fair trial by the jury, to vote in election for public officials, to apply for federal employment requiring U.S. Citizenship, and the right to run for the elected office. Also, they have the freedom to express yourself, freedom to worship as they wish, and the freedom to pursue "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness". Any citizen, who is at least 18 years old and who has not been convicted of felony can vote. A common citizen can vote to choose representatives to run the government. The U.S. Constitution is the basic law of the United States. The laws of the Constitution talked about the freedom to pursue "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness", that all men are equal, and laws against crime.
In the Roman Republic, it had a form of government where the citizens had the power to vote for their leaders. Also, it had all three branches of government which are the legislature, executive, and the judicial branch. Their legislative branch had a Senate of 300 members and they were chosen from the aristocracy for life. They controlled foreign and financial policies and they would advises the consuls. The Roman's executive branch, had two...

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