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Comparative Government Essay

1055 words - 5 pages

Throughout history there have been many different types of government. Most of them have been quite similar yet different at the same time. The U.S Democratic Republic, the Roman Republic, and Athenian Democracy are examples of this. All of these governments have different ways of making their choices on how to rule and control the ways things go in their country, but they are all in some way related.

The U.S Democratic Republic Government has all three government branches. In the U.S you must be born within the U.S or complete a citizenship process to be a legal citizen. All of those citizens then get to elect their representatives to represent them. There comes the part Democratic Republic. The U.S isn’t completely a democracy because all the power isn’t to the people, but they do have the power to choose who represents them. The people get to elect on the president of their choice by voting, and the one with the popular vote would become the victor and be president. This would be the Executive Branch. The president would then rule for four years and be commander of the government and of the army. There is also the Judicial Branch. This is the highest court. They will hear all civil and criminal appeals cases, District Courts handle most of the federal cases and the first level of trials, above them is the 13 Courts of Appeals, and at the top of the Judicial Branch is the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court has the final say. In the supreme court nine justices would be appointed for life by the president and approved by the senate. There is also a Legislative Branch which makes the laws and advises the president on foreign policies. The Constitution grants Congress the sole authority to enact legislation and declare war. The Legislative Branch is made up of the house of representatives and the senate. The senate is made up 100 members that are elected by the people for six years. The house of representatives is made up of 435 members. These are also elected by the people, but for only two years. There are laws though that the Legislative Branch can’t change and those are from the U.S constitution. This is the basic rules of the U.S that are set in stone. They are a written record on how the government would work.

Another government is the Roman Republic. It also has all three branches but are a bit different. To be a citizen all you need is to be a male and be a landowner. This meant that no women could be a citizen. Another thing is that you couldn't be a slave to be a citizen you had to be a worker. This a republic on which not much power went to the people more to representatives and leaders. The Executive Branch consist of two consuls that are elected by the assembly for one year. These are not picked by people but by assembly. These like the U.S Executive Branch are also rulers of the government and...

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