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Comparative Mythology: What Similarities And Differences Between Mythos Reveal Of The Human Mind

1149 words - 5 pages

The Greeks and the Norse are the two sectors of humanity most well known for their mythologies. Both countries have vastly different climates, the Greek were flourishing with their fertile Mediterranean soil and during the country’s prime it was considered a paradisical society. The Norse, however, were stuck with frigid stubborn land and short growing seasons. This is reflected in both mythologies as Greek Mythology, while still explaining heavy subjects such as death and illness, had a much more cheery feel compared to the constantly brooding Norse Gods.
The Greek creation myth begin with Chaos a veil of nothingness that surrounds the entire universe. Chaos is also surrounded by an unending stream of water ruled by Oceanus. The goddess Eurynome came out of the stream and with the help with of Ophion, a snake of the North Wind she gave birth to Eros. With the joy of her child she danced upon the waves of Oceanus’ stream making the land and populating it with diverse creatures. Three of these creatures were the Moirae the three sisters of fate who assign men’s birth, destiny, and death. Also born out of Chaos was Gaia, the goddess of the Earth; Ouranus, the god of the sky; Tatarus, the god of the underworld. Gaia and Ouranus had six sets of titan twins and six other monstrous children. Ouranus banished the cyclopes and giants to Tartarus which made Gaia furious. Gaia then called on her Titan children for help exacting her revenge. Only Cronus offered to help cut his father into pieces using a sickle. Cronus then had six children with Rhea, his sister. He proceeded to eat each of these children in paranoia that they were to overthrow him. Rhea, however tricked him of eating Zeus by giving him a rock instead. Zeus then grew up on the isle of Crete, nursed by nymphs and Amaltheia, the fairy goat. When Zeus was of age Rhea made him become Cronus’ cupbearer. Zeus then slipped his father a potion that would cause him to regurgitate his five siblings, Hera, Hestia, Demeter, Poseidon, and Hades. These six deities then freed the cyclopes and giants and waged war against the Titans to establish dominance.
When the long and bloody war finally ended the gods locked up the titans in the underworld, with the exception of two, Prometheus and Epimetheus. Prometheus then shaped a figure out of mud and Athena, a goddess that sprung from Zeus’ skull, then breathed life into the figure, making man. Zeus wasn’t happy about this and he then made a beautiful woman named Pandora. He gave her a box and told her not to open it. However, her curiosity got the better of her and when she opened the box all of the troubles of the world flew out along with hope.
In the beginning of Norse mythology, there was Ginnungagap, the great emptiness. Out of Ginnungagap came two lands. To the South was the land of fire, Muspelheim. Muspelheim was inhabited by Surt, a fire demon who would spend eons creating his doomsday weapon, a flaming sword, that he would use to one day lay...

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