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Comparative On The Code Of Hammurabi And The Code Of Manu

744 words - 3 pages

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Surya Nair P.2

The Code of Manu originated from India and was created by Manu Svayambhuva during the first century. The code of Hammurabi was created around 1750 B.C in Babylon. The codes of Hammurabi and Manu were groups of laws that were laid out to keep peace among their people. However, the Code of Manu was more focused on the dharma of each social class, while the Code of Hammurabi was mainly about the protection for the Babylonian society. The Code of Manu describes what one class must do and not do in order to fulfill their dharma. It also states the punishments of the people who oppose their own class or a different class. The Code of Hammurabi governed such things as lying, debt, and marriages. This code was more concerned of the individuals of Babylon than their social stratification. It was a code for equal retaliation. Both codes represent dissimilar and comparable traits.

The code of Hammurabi shares common aspects with the Code of Manu relating to the Punishment of criminals. The punishments of both codes were very harsh. For example, in the Code of Hammurabi law number 205 states that if a man' s slave has struck the cheek of a member of the aristocracy, then they will cut of his ear. In the Code of Manu, one law states that if someone were to insult his name and caste, then a hot iron, ten fingers long, would be thrusted into his mouth. The upper class of both codes were more privileged and got less punishment than the lower classes. Various laws state that the Aristocrats or the Brahmins only had to pay, while the lower classes such as the middle class or the shudras and vaisyus endured punishments. Furthermore, both codes treat women as unimportant beings. For instance in the Code of Hammurabi, women have limited amount of rights. They also suffered...

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